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Table 2 Adjusted risk ratios (aRRs)a for the association between financial hardship and drug use

From: Financial hardship and drug use among men who have sex with men

  Overall useb Any Drugc Tobacco used Alcohol use Marijuana use Inhalant Nitrites use Club drug usee
  aRR (95% CI) aRR (95% CI) aRR (95% CI) aRR (95% CI) aRR (95% CI) aRR (95% CI) aRR (95% CI)
Financial hardship
Model 1
 Low Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent
 High 1.15 (1.05, 1.27)** 1.25 (1.07, 1.46)** 1.45 (1.19, 1.78)** 1.10 (0.93, 1.32) 1.48 (1.03, 2.13)* 1.24 (1.03, 1.50)* 1.47 (0.91, 2.37)
Model 2
 Low Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent
 Medium 1.14 (1.03, 1.26)* 1.21 (1.02, 1.43)* 1.37 (1.10, 1.71)** 1.14 (0.95, 1.37) 1.37 (0.92, 2.03) 1.18 (0.96, 1.45) 1.46 (0.87, 2.44)
 High 1.19 (1.06, 1.34)** 1.37 (1.12, 1.67)** 1.67 (1.30, 2.16)** 1.01 (0.77, 1.32) 1.80 (1.13, 2.85)* 1.40 (1.11, 1.78)** 1.48 (0.75, 2.92)
Test for trend p = 0.002 p = 0.003 p < 0.0001 p = 0.397 p = 0.013 p = 0.01 p = 0.124
  1. aRR adjusted risk ratio, CI Confidence Intervals
  2. aAdjusted for age, sexual orientation, origin (born in France), employment and relationship status
  3. bIncludes cigarettes, electronic cigarettes or nicotine vapes, alcohol, marijuana, synthetic marijuana, cocaine, MDMA, ketamine, GHB/GBL, methamphetamine, heroin, prescription stimulants, prescription benzodiazepines, inhalant nitrites, other inhalants, prescription opioids, psychedelics, synthetic cathinones, and anabolic steroids
  4. cIncludes marijuana, synthetic marijuana, cocaine, MDMA, ketamine, GHB/GBL, methamphetamine, heroin, prescription stimulants, prescription benzodiazepines, inhalant nitrites, other inhalants, prescription opioids, psychedelics, synthetic cathinones, and anabolic steroids
  5. dIncludes cigarettes and electronic cigarettes (nicotine vapes)
  6. eIncludes MDMA, ketamine and GHB/GBL
  7. Model 1: high financial hardship (Somewhat difficult; Very difficult; and Extremely difficult) and low financial hardship (Not at all difficult and Not very difficult)
  8. Model 2: high financial hardship (very difficult and extremely difficult), somewhat difficult, and low (not at all and not very difficult)
  9. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01