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Table 3 Level of dependency on betel quid and its use reasons among BQ Users (n = 874)

From: Reasons for betel quid chewing amongst dependent and non-dependent betel quid chewing adolescents: a school-based cross-sectional survey

Betel Quid Dependency
  OR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value
Reinforcement construct
 I like the taste
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 0.77 (0.27–2.18) 0.625 0.60 (0.18–1.93) 0.395
  Important 1.39 (0.69–2.80) 1.390 0.76 (0 .34–1.69) 0.509
 I like to have something in my mouth at all time
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 0.78 (0.23–2.65) 0.698 0.36 (0.08–1.52) 0.169
  Important 2.97 (1.78–4.98) < 0.001 0.96 (0.48–1.95) 0.927
Social/cultural construct
 All of my friends chew
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 0.49 (0.11–2.11) 0.344 0.33 (0.06–1.58) 0.166
  Important 1.89 (1.14–3.14) 0.013 0.85 (0.44–1.67) 0.655
 My family members chew
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 0.81 (0.10–6.28) 0.847 0.39 (0.03–4.11) 0.435
  Important 2.46 (1.28–4.73) 0.007 0.99 (0.41–2.35) 0.986
 Its rude not to chew
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 3.05 (0.65–14.32) 0.157 3.91 (0.66–23.15) 0.132
  Important 3.91 (2.20–6.93) < 0.001 2.50 (1.11–5.63) 0.027
 People will not respect me if I don’t chew
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 1.40 (0.31–6.19) 0.657 0.39 (0.06–2.48) 0.32
  Important 1.25 (0.43–3.62) 0.677 0.36 (0.09–1.35) 0.132
Stimulation construct
 It relaxes me
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 1.35 (0.3105.91) 0.687 0.66 (0.12–3.49) 0.63
  Important 5.68 (3.39–9.53) < 0.001 2.36 (1.20–4.65) 0.012
 It gives me energy
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 1.64 (0.20–13.25) 0.639 0.40 (0.02–5.89) 0.507
  Important 6.30 (3.34–11.88) < 0.001 1.89 (0.81–4.42) 0.138
 It helps me make decisions
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 5.78 (1.54–21.66) 0.009 4.57 (0.86–24.12) 0.073
  Important 12.63 (7.22–22.10) < 0.001 9.65 (4.15–22.43) < 0.001
 I like the way it makes me feel
  Its not important 1   1  
  Neutral 2.20 (0.63–7.65) 0.214 2.29 (0.52–10.01) 0.270
  Important 3.76 (2.25–6.29) < 0.001 0.78 (0.35–1.75) 0.560
  1. BQ Betel Quid, OR odds ratios, aOR adjusted odds ratios, CI confidence interval