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Table 1 Frequency of items endorsed on Reasons of Betel Quid Use amongst Adolescents (n = 874)

From: Reasons for betel quid chewing amongst dependent and non-dependent betel quid chewing adolescents: a school-based cross-sectional survey

Items of RBCS N (%) Mean (SD)
Reinforcement construct
 I like the taste   1.51 (0.77)
  Its not important 154 (17.6%)  
  Neutral 118 (13.5%)  
  Important 602 (68.9%)  
 I like to have something in my mouth at all time 0.72 (0.91)
  Its not important 522 (59.7%)  
  Neutral 073 (8.4%)  
  Important 279 (31.9%)  
Social/cultural construct
 All of my friends chew   0.65 (0.90)
  Its not important 561 (64.2%)  
  Neutral 059 (6.8%)  
  Important 254 (29.1%)  
 My family members chew   0.21 (0.59)
  Its not important 720 (89.4%)  
  Neutral 016 (2.0%)  
  Important 069 (8.6%)  
 Its rude not to chew   0.24 (0.63)
  Its not important 717 (89.1%)  
  Neutral 010 (1.2%)  
  Important 078 (9.7%)  
 People will not respect me if I don’t chew   0.12 (0.44)
  Its not important 750 (93.2%)  
  Neutral 017 (2.1%)  
  Important 038 (4.7%)  
Stimulation construct
 It relaxes me   0.40 (0.78)
  Its not important 650 (80.7%)  
  Neutral 030 (3.7%)  
  Important 125 (15.5%)  
 It gives me energy   0.14 (0.50)
  Its not important 756 (93.9%)  
  Neutral 009 (1.1%)  
  Important 040 (5.0%)  
 It helps me make decisions   0.21 (0.59)
  Its not important 742 (92.2%)  
  Neutral 011 (1.4%)  
  Important 052 (6.5%)  
 I like the way it makes me feel   0.46 (0.82)
  Its not important 624 (77.5%)  
  Neutral 025 (3.1%)  
  Important 156 (19.4%)  
  1. RBCS Reasons for betel quid chewing scale, SD Standard deviation