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Table 2 Pain clinic definition typologies

From: Pain clinic definitions in the medical literature and U.S. state laws: an integrative systematic review and comparison

General Category Sub-Categories Definition Sources
Provider-based Supervision-based Who owns, manages or oversees the clinic [16, 47]
Composition-based Combination of staff [16, 47, 49, 62,63,64]
Outcome-based (Aim-based)   Outcome/goal distinct from chronic pain management for general population [16, 47, 49, 61,62,63, 65,66,67,68]
Treatment-based Single-modality pain clinic Single approach to pain treatment [16, 46, 49, 68, 69]
Multidisciplinary Multiple approaches to pain treatment [16, 46, 47, 55, 67, 69,70,71]
Interdisciplinary Integrate multiple approaches to pain treatment through coordinated team [53, 55, 68, 72]
Marketing-based   Advertise themselves as location where pain is managed [58, 64, 73, 74]
Patient Case Mix   Ratio of pain management patients to providers [47]