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Table 4 Existing resources for pharmacy staff and cross-country differences

From: A comparative analysis of pharmacists’ perspectives on codeine use and misuse – a three country survey

  Ireland (n = 464) (n, %) South Africa (n = 123) (n, %) UK (n = 129) (n, %) Test statistic χ2(df) p
Specialist addiction training 69 (15.0%) 31 (25.2%) 32 (24.8%) 10.9 (2) 0.004*
Need for training and education 284 (61.5%) 87 (71.3%) 81 (62.8%) 4.1 (2) 0.13
Need for public education 393 (85.4%) 113 (91.1%) 100 (78.1%) 8.5 (2) 0.01*
Existing risk management system 177 (39.0%) 60 (50.4%) 66 (51.6%) 9.5 (2) 0.009*
Willingness to participate in centralized monitoring system 333 (74.5%) 96 (80.0%) 107 (83.6%) 5.3 (2) 0.07
Belief that current level of codeine control in jurisdiction is high enough 192 (42.0%) 50 (41.0%) 75 (58.6%) 12.0 (2) 0.002*
  1. *p-value is signficant