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Table 1 Characteristics of buprenorphine-prescribing physicians and their practices reported as mean (standard deviation) or percentage (count)

From: A mixed methods study of HIV-related services in buprenorphine treatment

  Mean (SD) or % (N) 95% CI N
Medical Specialty 1149
 Addiction specialty (medicine or psychiatry) 21.6% (248) 19.2–24.0  
 Psychiatry (i.e., adult and/or child psychiatry with no mention of addiction) 27.2% (312) 24.6–29.7  
 All others (e.g., family medicine, internal medicine, primary care, emergency medicine) 51.3% (589) 48.4–54.2  
Practice Settings
 Individual medical practice 50.8% (587) 47.9–53.7 1155
 Group medical practice 35.2% (406) 32.4–37.9 1155
 Veterans Administration medical center (VAMC) 4.6% (53) 3.4–5.8 1155
 Hospital (non-VAMC) 13.2% (152) 11.2–15.1 1155
 Opioid treatment program (OTP dispensing methadone) 6.2% (71) 4.8–7.5 1155
 Non-OTP substance use disorder treatment program 13.9% (161) 11.9–15.9 1155
Caseload Characteristics
 Percentage of past-year patients with heroin use disorder (but not prescription opioids) 23.5 (22.4) 22.2–24.8 1135
 Percentage of past-year patients with prescription opioid use disorder (but not heroin) 54.5 (27.3) 52.9–56.1 1134
 Percentage of past-year patients with co-occurring heroin and prescription opioid use disorder 22.8 (19.9) 21.6–23.9 1133
Physician Characteristics
 Age 55.5 (11.4) 54.8–56.1 1160
 Female 22.9% (267) 20.5–25.3 1165
Race and ethnicity 1148
 White 76.5% (878) 74.0–78.9  
 Asian American 12.5% (144) 10.6–14.5  
 African American/Black 4.7% (54) 3.5–5.9  
 Hispanic/Latino 4.4% (50) 3.2–5.5  
 All others 1.9% (22) 1.1–2.7  
Waivered to treat up to 100 patients 57.8% (678) 54.9–60.6 1174
  1. Note. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding