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Table 1 Characteristics of ED Visits Involving Drug Misuse or Abuse, DAWN 2004–2011

From: Gender differences in discharge dispositions of emergency department visits involving drug misuse and abuse—2004-2011

  Total (N = 14,245,776) Men (n = 8,203,524; 57.6%) Women (n = 6,042,252; 42.4%) Men vs. Womena
Weighted % Weighted % Weighted % Unadjusted OR 95% CI p
Age (years)
 18–20 12.0 12.3 11.5 1.08 1.01–1.15 0.022
 21–34 34.6 35.2 33.8 1.06 1.02–1.10 0.005
 35–54 42.1 42.3 41.9 1.02 0.98–1.05 0.318
 55 or older 11.4 10.3 12.8 0.78 0.74–0.82 <.001
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White 63.0 59.3 68.2 0.68 0.63–0.73 <.001
 Non-Hispanic Black 24.0 25.6 21.7 1.24 1.14–1.35 <.001
 Hispanic 11.6 13.8 8.5 1.71 1.59–1.84 <.001
 Other 1.4 1.3 1.6 0.87 0.77–0.97 0.016
Drug Misuse or Abuse Category
 Alcohol only 8.7 8.6 8.9 0.97 0.89–1.05 0.433
 Prescription Drugs only 30.8 23.8 40.3 0.46 0.44–0.49 <.001
 Illicit Drugs only 30.4 34.2 25.2 1.54 1.48–1.61 <.001
 Illicit Drugs w/ Alcohol 14.2 17.8 9.4 2.10 1.97–2.24 <.001
 Prescription Drugs w/ Alcohol 6.3 5.7 7.1 0.78 0.73–0.84 <.001
 Illicit Drugs w/ Prescription Drugs 6.9 6.9 6.9 0.99 0.93–1.06 0.805
 Illicit Drugs w/ Prescription Drugs & Alcohol 2.7 3.0 2.2 1.34 1.23–1.47 <.001
Discharge Disposition
 Discharged Home 51.7 50.4 53.4 0.89 0.84–0.93 <.001
 Released to Police/Jail 3.3 4.3 2.0 2.25 2.03–2.49 <.001
 Referral to Outpatient Detox/Drug Treatment 5.1 5.5 4.4 1.27 1.15–1.42 <.001
 Inpatient Detox/Psychiatric Hospital Admission 9.0 9.7 8.2 1.2 1.07–1.35 0.002
 General Hospital Admission 20.1 19.1 21.5 0.86 0.81–0.91 <.001
 Transferred to Another Facility 8.8 8.8 8.7 1.01 0.92–1.10 0.847
 Left Against Medical Advice 2.1 2.3 1.8 1.25 1.12–1.38 <.001
  1. Notes: The table reports weighted frequencies and percentages
  2. aUnadjusted logistic regression models of sample characteristics and discharge dispositions as a function of gender. Odds ratio (OR) estimates were tested using design-based t-statistics with 1433 degrees of freedom