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Table 1 Baseline socio-demographic, health, drug use and treatment profile of SALOME participants by gender

From: Men’s and women’s response to treatment and perceptions of outcomes in a randomized controlled trial of injectable opioid assisted treatment for severe opioid use disorder

  Total
N = 202
Women
N = 62
Men
N = 140
Socio-demographics
 Age* 44.33 ± 9.63 40.66 ± 9.34 45.95 ± 9.34
 Currently has an intimate partner* 74 (36.63) 32 (51.61) 42 (30.00)
 Self- identify as Indigenousa* 62 (30.69) 29 (46.77) 33 (23.57)
 High school certificate or higher 108 (53.47) 31 (50.00) 77 (55.00)
 Any non-stable housing in prior 3 yearsb 141 (69.80) 38 (61.29) 103 (73.57)
 Paid in exchange for sex in the prior month 20(9.90) 19 (30.65) 0(0)
 Ever paid in exchange for sex* 83 (41.09) 52 (83.87) 31 (22.14)
 Months ever incarcerated*c 10 [1–36] 2 [0–6] 18 [3–60]
 Days of non-legal activities in prior monthd 14.15 ± 13.71 14.98 ± 13.59 13.79 ± 13.79
Health
 HIV Positive* 30 (14.85) 14 (22.58) 16 (11.43)
 MAP Physical Health Scoree* 12.17 ± 8.01 14.92 ± 9.12 10.92 ± 7.15
 MAP Psychological Health Scoree* 9.40 ± 8.97 12.35 ± 10.56 8.05 ± 7.83
Drug Use and Treatment
 Days using any illicit opioids 27.95 ± 4.19 28.15 ± 4.48 27.86 ± 4.07
 Heroin, injection 25.38 ± 7.99 25.84 ± 7.69 25.18 ± 8.14
  Times of heroin use on a typical day 3.40 ± 2.59 3.73 ± 2.50 3.26 ± 2.62
 Crack cocaine, smoked* 10.32 ± 12.72 14.71 ± 13.62 8.38 ± 11.83
 Times attempted MMT in prior 5 yearsf 2.81 ± 2.09 3.06 ± 2.10 2.69 ± 2.09
  1. *Indicates significance below p < 0.05
  2. Plus minus values (±) indicate mean and standard deviation; Values in parentheses indicate number (n) and percentage (%); Values in brackets represent median and interquartile range (Q1–Q3). Statistics are p values for a t-test or chi-square test:
  3. SD Standard Deviation, MAP Maudsley Addiction Profile, HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus, MMT Methadone Maintenance Treatment
  4. aIndigenous Ancestry refers to the self-report of any Inuit, Metis or, First Nations Ancestry
  5. bNon-stable housing refers to living in single resident occupancy hotel rooms with restrictions, couch surfing, outdoors, vehicles, or in public places
  6. cData are zero saturated and heavily skewed. As such, median and interquartile ranges are presented
  7. dDays of non-legal activities is a measured as a sum of the number of days in the prior month engaged in any of: dealing of drugs, property theft, violence, disorderly conduct, sex work, major driving violations, and broken conditions imposed by the legal system
  8. eMAP scores range from 0 to 40; higher scores indicate poorer physical or psychological health
  9. fData come from PhamaNet, British Columbia’s Provincial pharmacy dispensation database