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Table 2 The proportion of respondents who agree with various statements concerning alcohol and intoxication at football arenas. Proportions are shown for the overall sample and among frequenta and non-frequent visitorsb to football arenas

From: Public opinion on alcohol consumption and intoxication at Swedish professional football events

  Overall sample Frequent visitors to football arenas Non-frequent visitors to football arenas p c
Statementd % (n) % (n) % (n)  
Alcoholics beverages should be sold at football arenas 26.1 (827) 46.1 (183) 23.2 (644) <0.001
Medium strength beer should be sold at football arenas 42.9 (1357) 62.8 (247) 40.1 (1110) <0.001
Full strength beer/wine should be sold at football arenas 23.3 (746) 40.6 (161) 20.9 (585) <0.001
Hard liquor should be sold at football arenas 8.7 (281) 13.6 (54) 8.0 (227) <0.001
Obviously intoxicated persons should be denied entrance to football arenas 93.1 (3047) 92.3 (373) 93.2 (2674) NS
Obviously intoxicated spectators should be denied alcohol service at football arenas 94.7 (3093) 95.3 (385) 94.6 (2708) NS
Obviously intoxicated spectators should be evicted from the arena 91.8 (2980) 89.6 (354) 92.1 (2626) NS
There should be sections at football arenas where alcohol cannot be purchased 65.1 (1912) 50.0 (189) 67.4 (1723) <0.001
The number of bars and booths selling alcohol at football arenas should be reduced 64.2 (1933) 44.8 (174) 67.1 (1759) <0.001
More people would attend football matches if the number of obviously intoxicated spectators was reduced 71.0 (1994) 47.2 (175) 74.6 (1819) <0.001
The atmosphere at the arena grandstand would improve if the number of obviously intoxicated spectators was reduced 77.5 (2276) 49.9 (194) 81.7 (2082) <0.001
  1. aFrequent visitors were defined as participants who reported having attended a football match in the Swedish Premier Football League (SPFL) or the second highest division on one or more occasions during the past football season (i.e., the football season 2015)
  2. bNon-frequent visitors were defined as participants who reported not having attended a football match in the SPFL or second highest division during the past football season (i.e., the football season 2015). A total of 45 individuals who responded, “don’t know” were excluded from the analyses
  3. cComparisons between frequent and non-frequent visitors. NS: non-significant p values (i.e., ≥ 0.05)
  4. dRespondents who responded “no opinion” to a statement were excluded from that analysis. The analyses comprised between 2808 and 3274 individuals, respectively