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Table 1 Participant characteristics for the overall sample, the general public sample, and the urban sample. Means (M), standard deviations (SD), frequencies, ranges and p values for comparative statistics shown

From: Public opinion on alcohol consumption and intoxication at Swedish professional football events

Variables Overall sample
(n = 3503)
General public sample
(n = 1083)
Urban sample
(n = 2420)
p a
Gender, % (n)     NS
 Men 49.9 (1747) 50.3 (544) 49.7 (1203)  
 Women 49.4 (1731) 49.4 (535) 49.5 (1197)  
 Other 0.7 (24) 0.4 (4) 0.8 (20)  
Mean age, M (SD, range) 46.6 (16.3, 18–79) 46.7 (16.4, 19–79) 46.5 (16.2, 18–79) NS
Marital statusb, % (n)     NS
 Married/In registered partnership 43.9 (1538) 43.7 (473) 44.0 (1065)  
 Otherc 32.0 (1119) 31.3 (339) 32.3 (781)  
Cohabiting with children, % (n) 33.9 (1186) 34.5 (374) 33.6 (812) NS
Highest level of education, % (n)     NS
 Elementary school 6.5 (228) 7.2 (78) 6.2 (150)  
 Senior high school 42.4 (1485) 44.6 (483) 41.4 (1003)  
 Folk high school 2.5 (89) 2.7 (30) 2.4 (59)  
 University/college 48.5 (1701) 45.5 (493) 49.9 (1208)  
AUDIT-C scores     
 Mean AUDIT-C total score, M (SD, range) 3.10 (2.00, 0–12) 3.07 (1.96, 0–11) 3.11 (2.01, 0–12) NS
 Men and women with hazardous alcohol used, % (n) 28.5 (998) 27.9 (302) 28.8 (696) NS
 Men with hazardous alcohol use, % (n) 30.7 (536) 30.1 (164) 31.0 (373) NS
 Women with hazardous alcohol use, % (n) 26.6 (461) 25.8 (138) 27.0 (323) NS
Type of visitors to football arenas, % (n)     NS
 Frequent visitorse 11.6 (406) 10.8 (117) 11.9 (289)  
 Non-frequent visitorsf 87.1 (3053) 88.5 (959) 86.5 (2094)  
 Reported “Don’t know” 1.3 (45) 0.7 (8) 1.5 (37)  
  1. aComparisons between the general public and the urban samples. NS: non-significant p values (i.e., ≥ 0.05)
  2. bData missing for seven participants
  3. cE.g., single, widowed or divorced
  4. dHazardous alcohol use defined as an AUDIT-C score of ≥ 4 for women and ≥ 5 for men
  5. eFrequent visitors were defined as participants who reported having attended a football match in the Swedish Premier Football League (SPFL) or the second highest division on one or more occasions during the past football season (i.e., the football season 2015)
  6. fNon-frequent visitors were defined as participants who reported not having attended a football match in the SPFL or the second highest division during the past football season (i.e., the football season 2015)