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Table 5 Doping Attitudes based on Gender and Sports Event Categories

From: Korean national athletes’ knowledge, practices, and attitudes of doping: a cross-sectional study

  Variables N (%) PEAS t (p)/F (p)
Adolescent athletes (n = 205) Gender Male 116 (56.6) 36.97 ± 11.48 t 203 = −1.018
p = 0.31
Female 89 (43.4) 38.57 ± 10.83
Sports event categories Speed & power 43 (21.0) 39.21 ± 10.92 F (3, 201) = 2.740
p = 0.04
Endurance 29 (14.1) 36.90 ± 13.47
Motor skill 58 (28.3) 40.24 ± 10.91*
Team 75 (36.6) 35.08 ± 10.21
Adult athletes (n = 249) Gender Male 184 (73.9) 39.91 ± 14.67 t 247 = −0.603
p = 0.54
Female 65 (26.1) 41.12 ± 11.75
Sports event categories Speed & power 60 (24.1) 44.25 ± 14.25 F (3, 245) = 2.363
p = 0.07
Endurance 15 (6.0) 40.40 ± 14.63
Motor skill 93 (37.3) 39.28 ± 13.16
Team 81 (32.5) 38.30 ± 14.14
  1. All data were expressed as mean and standard deviation or frequencies and percentages
  2. PEAS Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale
  3. *p < 0.05: tested by the post hoc LSD test between motor skill and team in adolescent athletes