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Table 4 Doping Practices and Attitudes

From: Korean national athletes’ knowledge, practices, and attitudes of doping: a cross-sectional study

Response Yes No t (p)
Question: Have you ever inadvertently taken any substances whose use is prohibited in your sport?
Adolescent athletes (n = 205) N (%) 3 (1.5) 202 (98.5)  
PEAS 42.33 ± 15.18 37.59 ± 11.17 t 203 = 0.726
p = 0.46
Adult athletes (n = 249) N (%) 9 (3.6) 240 (96.4)  
PEAS 53.22 ± 7.45 39.74 ± 13.91 t 10.225 = 5.109
p < 0.001
Question: Have you ever knowingly taken any substances whose use is prohibited in your sport?
Adolescent athletes (n = 205) N (%) 2 (1.0) 203 (99.0)  
PEAS 35.5 ± 13.44 37.68 ± 11.22 t 203 = −0.274
p = 0.78
Adult athletes (n = 249) N (%) 7 (2.8) 242 (97.2)  
PEAS 57.14 ± 10.06 39.74 ± 13.75 t 247 = 3.320
p = 0.001
Question: Do you personally know any athletes who are taking, or have previously taken, prohibited substances?
Adolescent athletes (n = 205) N (%) 5 (2.4) 200 (97.6)  
PEAS 42.60 ± 10.07 37.54 ± 11.23 t 203 = 0.998
p = 0.32
Adult athletes (n = 249) N (%) 8 (3.2) 241 (96.8)  
PEAS 53.88 ± 6.92 39.77 ± 13.90 t 8.999 = 5.416
p < 0.001
  1. All data were expressed as mean and standard deviation or frequencies and percentages
  2. PEAS Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale