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Table 1 Summary of participants’ characteristics

From: “Overconfidence” versus “helplessness”: A qualitative study on abstinence self-efficacy of drug users in a male compulsory drug detention center in China

  All participants Overconfidence Helplessness
(N = 36) (N = 16) (N = 17)
Age, M (SD) 31.61 (5.34) 30.50 (6.06) 33.12 (4.64)
Initial age of drug use, M (SD) 22.11 (4.86) 23.44 (4.79) 20.94 (4.88)
Year of drug use history, M (SD) 9.39 (4.71) 6.94 (4.89) 12.06 (3.27)
Times of compulsory detention, M(SD) 1.83 (1.00) 1.25 (0.45) 2.47 (1.07)
 1st time, N (%) 18 (50.0) 12 (75.0) 4 (23.5)
 2nd time, N (%) 9 (25.0) 4 (25.0) 4 (23.5)
 3rd time, N (%) 6 (16.7)   6 (35.3)
 4th time, N (%) 3 (8.3)   3 (17.6)
Drug type
 Heroin, N (%) 6 (16.7) 1 (6.3) 3 (17.65)
 Ice, N (%) 14 (38.9) 9 (56.3) 4 (23.5)
 Both, N (%) 16 (44.4) 6 (37.5) 10 (58.8)
Main method of drug-use
 Nasal, N (%) 7 (19.4) 5 (31.3) 1 (5.9)
 Injection, N (%) 29 (80.6) 11 (68.8) 16 (94.1)
Marital status
 Single, N (%) 11 (30.6) 6 (37.5) 5 (26.4)
 Girlfriend, N (%) 7 (19.4) 5 (31.3) 2 (11.8)
 Married, N (%) 9 (25.0) 4 (25.0) 3 (17.6)
 Divorced, N (%) 9 (25.0) 1 (6.3) 7 (41.2)
Number of children
 1 Child, N (%) 10 (27.8) 3 (18.8) 5 (29.4)
 2 Children, N (%) 5 (13.9) 1 (6.3) 4 (23.5)