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Table 1 The demographic characteristics of 250 substance use patients were compared to and 239 non-users comparison in this study

From: The pattern of substance use disorder in the United Arab Emirates in 2015: results of a National Rehabilitation Centre cohort study

Category Description Case n (%) Comparison n (%)
Age groups Below 20 12 (4.8) 22 (9.2)
20–29 144 (57.6) 130 (54.4)
30–39 54 (21.6) 14 (5.9)
40–49 32 (12.8) 23 (9.6)
Over 50 8 (3.2) 50 (20.9)
Body Mass Index (BMI) Underweight (<18.5) 13 (5.2) 17 (7.1)
Normal range (18.5–24.9) 93 (37.2) 79 (33.0)
Overweight (25.0–29-9) 75 (30.0) 79 (33.0)
Obese (≥30.0) 69 (27.6) 64 (26.8)
Medical conditiona No 177 (70.8) 174 (72.8)
Yes 73 (29.2) 61 (25.5)
Smoking Current-Smoker 239 (95.6) 49 (20.5)
Ex-Smoker 11 (4.4) 25 (10.5)
Never Smoked 0 (0.0) 164 (68.6)
Exerciseb No 122 (48.8) 84 (35.1)
Yes 122 (48.8) 149 (62.3)
Ethnicity Ajam 17 (6.8) 45 (18.8)
Arab 156 (62.6) 164 (68.6)
Bloush 18 (7.2) 10 (4.2)
Mixedc 48 (19.3) 2 (0.8)
None of the above 10 (4.0) 18 (7.5)
Family History No 99 (39.8) N/Ad
Yes 142 (56.8)
Not sure 9 (3.6)
Marital statusb Single 146 (58.4) 117 (48.9)
Married 89 (35.6) 81 (33.9)
Divorced 14 (5.6) 1 (0.4)
Widowed 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
Employment Employed 82 (32.8) N/Ad
Employed/Student 2 (0.8)
Student 31 (12.4)
Unemployed 116 (46.4)
Others 19 (7.6)
Education level completed Master degree 2 (0.8) N/Ad
Bachelor degree 11 (4.42)
Diploma 30 (12.5)
High School (A-level) 71 (28.5)
Pre-high school 135 (54.2)
  1. aMedical condition means: disease or illness diagnosed other than dependency
  2. bSome missing data (do not add up to the total)
  3. cMixed: Parents from different ethnic groups
  4. dN/A: Not available