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Table 1 Characteristics of Opioid Treatment Programs (OTPs)

From: Hepatitis C testing in substance use disorder treatment: the role of program managers in adoption of testing services

  Full Sample 2005 2011  
(N=383) (N=187) (N=196) p-value*
Dependent Variables     
 Any HCV testing     0.000
  HCV testing (on-site or off-site) 81.7 73.3 89.8  
  No HCV testing 18.3 26.7 10.2  
 On-site vs. off-site HCV testing+     0.000
  On-site HCV testing 52.7 72.3 37.5  
  Off-site HCV testing only 47.3 27.7 62.5  
Predictor variables     
Director race/ethnicity     
 African-American 14.9 14.4 15.3 0.812
 Other race/ethnicity 8.4 11.2 5.6 0.047
 White 76.7 74.7 79.1 0.313
 Director age (mean, SD) 49.7 (9.6) 48.4 (8.5) 51 (10.4) 0.009
 Director gender     0.354
  Female 55.3 52.9 57.6  
  Male 44.7 47.1 42.4  
 Director education     0.156
  Post-graduate training or more 70.8 67.4 74.0  
  College or less 29.2 32.6 26.0  
 Director sources of information (mean, SD) 3.2 (0.5) 3.3 (0.5) 3.1 (0.5) 0.001
 Director support of preventive services (mean, SD) 3.9 (0.9) 3.7 (1.0) 4.0 (0.9) 0.004
Control variables     
Patient characteristics (mean, SD)     
  Percent African-American patients 22.3 (24.9) 25.5 (26.5) 19.3 (22.9) 0.015
  Percent Hispanic / Latino patients 16.4 (21.2) 17.9 (22.7) 15.0 (19.7) 0.189
  Percent female patients 41.3 (13.6) 39.9 (15.8) 42.7 (11.0) 0.039
  Percent persons who inject drugs 42.4 (29.8) 44.8 (30.9) 40.2 (28.6) 0.133
Program characteristics     
  CARF accreditation     0.165
   Yes 49.1 45.5 52.5  
   No 50.9 54.5 47.5  
  Ownership     0.150
   Public 14.1 17.6 10.7  
   Private for-profit 37.9 36.4 39.3  
   Private not-for-profit 48.0 46.0 50.0  
  Method of treatment     0.000
   Both (Meth + Bup) 57.2 68.0 47.0  
   Buprenorphine only (Bup) 24.3 19.2 29.1  
   Methadone only (Meth) 18.5 12.8 23.9  
  Staff - patient ratio (mean, SD) 0.04 (0.03) 0.04 (0.04) 0.05 (0.03) 0.025
  Prior authorization (mean, SD) 22.32 (33.8) 19.20 (31.9) 25.30 (35.3) 0.078
  Revenue from federal sources     0.004
   At least 1% 28.5 37.9 21.5  
   None 71.5 62.1 78.5  
  Revenue from private insurance     0.142
   At least 1% 42.3 41.1 44.3  
   None 57.7 58.8 55.6  
  1. Continuous data are mean ± Standard Deviation (SD). Categorical data are percentage
  2. +Among OTPs that offer any HCV testing; n = 313 OTPs
  3. *Denotes significant differences (p<. 05) between 2005 and 2011