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Table 2 Sociodemographic and Health Factors Associated with Risk of violence in drug rehabilitation centers (N = 733)

From: Risk of violence in drug rehabilitation centers: perceptions of people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico

    LR Modela  
Variable name OR (95 % CI) p-value Adjusted OR (95 % CI)a p-value
Demographics
 Age 0.98 (0.97, 1.00) 0.08 0.98 (0.96, 0.99) 0.03
 Female (Ref: male) 1.16 (0.85, 1.58) 0.36   
 Married (Ref: not married) 0.96 (0.71, 1.31) 0.80   
Education
 Years of education completed 1.04 (0.99, 1.09) 0.16   
Main source of income
 Formal source (Ref: no income) 1.16 (0.49, 2.74) 0.74   
 Informal source (Ref: no income) 1.05 (0.43, 2.55) 0.92   
Housing (where slept most often last 6 months)
 Homeless 1.43 (0.98, 2.07) 0.06 3.33 (1.21, 9.20) 0.02
Mobility
 Lived in Tijuana whole life 1.32 (0.97, 1.81) 0.08 1.09 (.78, 1.53) 0.62
 Years lived in Tijuana 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 0.49   
Drug Use History
 Age of first time use of illegal drug 1.02 (0.99, 1.06) 0.26   
 Age of first injected drugs 1.00 (0.98, 1.03) 0.73   
 Ever used heroin 1.05 (0.10, 11.68) 0.97   
 Ever used cocaine 0.49 (0.35, 0.70) 0.01 0.64 (0.43, 0.95) 0.03
 Ever used crystal/methamphetamine 0.39 (0.25, 0.61) 0.01 0.48 (0.29, 0.79) <0.01
Interactions with law enforcement
 Ever stopped by law enforcement 0.57 (0.35, 0.94) 0.03 0.72 (0.43,1.21) 0.21
 Been told by law enforcement that would be required to go to rehabilitation 2.79 (1.05, 7.41) 0.04 3.61 (1.35, 9.64) 0.01
Drug Rehabilitation History
 Great or urgent need to get help for drug use 1.44 (1.06, 1.95) 0.02 1.61 (1.17, 2.22) <0.01
 Ever received professional help for drug problem 0.61 (0.45–0.83) 0.01 0.67 (0.48, 0.93) 0.02
 Lifetime # of times received professional help for drug use (n = 417) 0.98 (0.95, 1.01) 0.14   
 Ever enrolled in drug treatment 0.74 (0.38–1.44) 0.38   
 # of times enrolled in drug rehabilitation center (n = 375) 0.98 (0.95, 1.01) 0.21   
  1. aLR (Logistic Regression) Model: Dependent Variable: Fear of violence Dichotomous - Reference (No fear of violence) - METHOD = ENTER ever used cocaine, ever used crystal/methamphetamines, ever told by law enforcement that would be required to go to rehabilitation, great or urgent need to get help for drug use, ever received professional help for drug problem and age