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Table 2 Mean domain scores on the World Health Organisation quality of life-brief scale

From: Social identity, social networks and recovery capital in emerging adulthood: A pilot study

Domain Current Study Mean (±SD) Possible Range Early Recoverya Mean (±SD) Normative Datab Mean (±SD)
Psychological 46.79 (18.89) 0–100 65.24 (13.44)** 71.4 (17.5)**
Physical 61.25 (19.78) 0–100 72.92 (17.01)* 85.4 (10.9)**
Social relations 51.16 (24.56) 0–100 62.26 (20.44) 72.9 (18.8)**
Environment 57.81 (21.18) 0–100 68.70 (15.81)* 74.3 (14.0)**
  1. Note. Significant differences to current results: †p < .10 (trend) *p < .05. **p < .001. aRecovery defined as recovery duration < 5 years, n = 35, mean age = 42.6, from Hibbert, L. J., & Best, D. W., (2011). Assessing recovery and functioning in former problem drinkers at different stages of their recovery journeys. Drug and Alcohol Review, 30,12–20. bGeneral population norms in Victoria, Australia, n = 41, age range = 20–29, from Hawthorne, G., Herrman, H., & Murphy, B. (2006). Interpreting the WHOQOL-BREF: Preliminary norms and effect sizes. Social Indicators Research, 77, 37–59