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Table 4 Relative frequency (percentage) of admission by eight decision-making bodies applied in three types of law on CCC in mental health law, social law and criminal legislation, and in total of all three types (n = 39)

From: European laws on compulsory commitment to care of persons suffering from substance use disorders or misuse problems– a comparative review from a human and civil rights perspective

  Mental health Social Criminal Total
n = 12 6 21 39
Criminal court (a) 17 17 86 54
Administrative court (a) 67 50 33 46
Psychiatrist (b) 75 0 0 23
Public prosecutor (c) 8 0 19 13
Panel of medical doctors (b) 33 0 0 10
Other governmental body (c) 8 17 10 10
Any medical doctor (b) 25 0 0 8
Social welfare board (c) 0 33 0 5
Collapsed into larger categories
 Courts (based on a) 75 50 91 80
 Medical profession (based on b) 83 0 0 26
 Other governmental body (based on c) 17 50 29 28