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Table 3 Relative frequency (percentage) of nine sources of formal application applied in three types of law on CCC in mental health law, social law and criminal legislation given in total for all three types and as collapsed into three categories (n = 39)

From: European laws on compulsory commitment to care of persons suffering from substance use disorders or misuse problems– a comparative review from a human and civil rights perspective

  Mental health Social Criminal Total
n = 12 6 21 39
Medical officers/doctors (c) 83 50 19 44
Close relatives (a) 58 33 19 33
Social welfare officers (c) 42 67 10 28
Police officers (b) 33 33 19 26
Persons themselves (a) 25 0 19 18
Friends (a) 25 0 14 15
Public prosecutor (b) 0 0 29 15
Business partners/co-workers (a) 17 0 5 8
Any other person (a) 17 0 5 8
Collapsed into larger categories
 Other persons (based on a) 67 33 29 41
 Law enforcement (based on b) 33 33 48 41
 Health and welfare (based on c) 92 83 24 54