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Table 2 Inter-rater accordance (Kappa) between two independent raters on all answers reported. Multiple answers per patient were possible across broader categories but not within each category

From: Alcohol use disorder severity and reported reasons not to seek treatment: a cross-sectional study in European primary care practices

  Broader category Within category
  12 months (N = 552) Lifetime (N = 1107) 12 months (N = 552) Lifetime (N = 1107)
Category of reason for not seeking treatment Kappa Kappa Kappa Kappa
Lack of problem awareness 0.89 0.86 0.87 0.88
Cope alone 0.82 0.83 0.77 0.81
Stigma or shame 0.89 0.79 0.89 0.79
Other prominent problem 1.00 0.86 1.00 0.84
Encounter barriers 0.89 0.80 0.87 0.60
  1. all Kappas have a p-value < 0.001