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Table 3 Drinking patterns by demographic characteristics in the Australian Defence Force sample – frequencies, weighted percentages, odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals

From: Alcohol use in the military: associations with health and wellbeing

  AUDIT 0 AUDIT 1-7 AUDIT 8-15 AUDIT 16-19 AUDIT 20-40 AUDIT ≥ 16 P-value AUDIT ≥ 20 P-value
       Odds ratio 95 % CIa   Odds ratio 95 % CIa  
Gender          
Male 164 (3.6) 2798 (58.3) 1279 (28.4) 202 (5.1) 173 (4.6) 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
Female 44 (7.5) 509 (73.1) 102 (14.7) 14 (2.2) 14 (2.5) 0.44 (0.30, 0.64) <0.0001 0.54 (0.32, 0.92) 0.02
Age          
20-29 24 (3.5) 343 (49.5) 224 (34.4) 40 (7.1) 27 (5.5) 1.39 (1.01, 1.93) 0.05 1.32 (0.80, 2.19) 0.28
30-39 75 (3.5) 1499 (60.4) 637 (27.4) 94 (4.7) 75 (3.9) 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
40-49 74 (4.7) 1049 (63.7) 384 (23.6) 54 (3.4) 63 (4.6) 1.00 (0.79, 1.25) 0.96 1.20 (0.86, 1.67) 0.29
50+ 35 (5.3) 416 (64.1) 136 (21.4) 28 (4.8) 22 (4.4) 1.14 (0.84, 1.55) 0.40 1.08 (0.69, 1.68) 0.74
Marital Status          
Single/Other 26 (4.6) 310 (50.2) 190 (32.8) 33 (6.7) 25 (5.8) 1.68 (1.22, 2.30) 0.001 1.51 (0.94, 2.41) 0.09
Living with partner 24 (3.6) 372 (53.7) 201 (31.8) 34 (5.8) 28 (5.2) 1.52 (1.12, 2.05) 0.007 1.41 (0.92, 2.16) 0.11
Married 131 (4.1) 2210 (64.6) 790 (24.0) 105 (3.5) 100 (3.7) 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
Separated/Divorced 21 (4.8) 260 (53.6) 131 (28.4) 27 (7.0) 25 (6.2) 1.95 (1.44, 2.65) <0.0001 1.66 (1.07, 2.56) 0.02
Service          
Navy 30 (3.2) 654 (59.4) 309 (28.8) 47 (5.2) 35 (3.4) 0.95 (0.75, 1.22) 0.71 0.76 (0.54, 1.07) 0.12
Army 155 (4.1) 2369 (59.8) 993 (26.6) 157 (4.6) 147 (4.9) 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
Air Force 23 (5.9) 284 (73.9) 79 (20.1) 12 (3.9) 5 (2.1) 0.77 (0.52, 1.15) 0.20 0.45 (0.16, 1.27) 0.13
Rank          
Officer 50 (3.3) 1138 (70.3) 342 (21.4) 42 (2.6) 30 (2.4) 0.69 (0.49, 0.97) 0.03 0.76 (0.45, 1.29) 0.31
Non-commissioned Officer 130 (4.4) 1816 (58.3) 848 (27.8) 135 (4.8) 127 (4.6) 1.16 (0.87, 1.55) 0.31 1.24 (0.81, 1.89) 0.31
Other ranks 28 (4.0) 353 (53.7) 191 (29.5) 39 (6.7) 30 (6.0) 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
Employment status          
Full time 105 (3.7) 1859 (64.0) 754 (26.5) 96 (3.5) 66 (2.4) 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
Reserve 62 (3.6) 1091 (62.8) 438 (26.2) 65 (3.9) 60 (3.6) 1.37 (1.12, 1.67) 0.003 1.57 (1.18, 2.10) 0.0023
Ex-serving 41 (5.3) 357 (50.9) 189 (27.3) 55 (7.8) 61 (8.7) 3.09 (2.43, 3.93) <0.0001 3.91 (2.82, 5.43) <0.0001
  1. NB. AUDIT score ≥16 also includes those with an AUDIT score ≥20
  2. a Odds ratios compare drinking behaviours between the categories of the demographic characteristics