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Table 2 Systematic correlation (γ) between two assessments – test, and retest after one week – as to number of fulfilled criteria of substance use disorders according to the ICD-10, DSM-IV and DSM-5, respectively

From: Reliability of ADDIS for diagnoses of substance use disorders according to ICD-10, DSM-IV and DSM-5: test-retest and inter-item consistency

  ICD-10 DSM-IV DSM-5
  Substance dependence, 6 criteria Harmful use, one dichotomous criterion Substance dependence, 7 criteria Substance abuse, 4 criteria Substance use disorder, 11 criteria
  γ % К γ γ γ
Alcohol .82 97 .84 .84 .80 .78
Sedatives, hypnotics, anxiolytics .91 97 .93 .84 .93 .87
Cannabinoids a) .97 97 .93 .96 .98 .94
Cocaine b) .99 93 .79 .97 1.00 -
Other stimulants c) .91 93 .83 .90 .93 .93
Opioids d) .76 97 .92 .97 .95 .94
Hallucinogens 1.00 97 .65 .95 1.00 .88
Volatile solvents 1.00 93 .46 1.00 .93 .99
Mean, all substances .92 96 .79 .93 .94 .90
  1. a) Cannabis in DSM-IV; b) Cocaine, amphetamines and other stimulants are collapsed to stimulants in DSM-5; c) In ICD-10 this includes amphetamine and amphetamine-like substances (not caffeine), while in DSM-5, stimulants also include cocaine; d) Includes opiates as well as synthetic opioids, e.g. analgesics.
  2. In addition, agreement concerning harmful use is tested with absolute agreement (%) as well as systematic agreement (К), (n = 30).