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Table 1 Results from the direct (PEAS questionnaire) and indirect (picture-based doping BIAT) tests of the bodybuilders’ and handball players’ doping attitudes

From: Illegal performance enhancing drugs and doping in sport: a picture-based brief implicit association test for measuring athletes’ attitudes

  Bodybuilders [n = 21] Handball players [n = 22]
PEAS questionnaire [mean score] 56.2 (± 8.7) 32.7 (± 8.7)
Picture-based doping BIAT   
  D-score [mean score] -0.14 (± 0.65) -0.40 (± 0.54)
  Block A [mean RT] 838 ms (± 222) 748 ms (± 263)
  Block B [mean RT] 759 ms (± 161) 644 ms (± 116)
  All blocks [mean RT] 799 ms (± 189) 714 ms (± 189)