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Table 5 Summary of the comparison of factors related to the implementation of CAD

From: Environmental and capacity requirements are critical for implementing and sustaining a drug prevention program: a multiple case study of “Clubs against drugs”

Factor Stockholm Other municipalities
Perception of needs Assessment of needs and perceived these as extensive Approximately half completed some form of assessment before initiating CAD
Participation Extensive participation in development of the CAD program No participation in the development phase, small possibilities for adaptation
Acceptance of program Extensive acceptance from stakeholders Extensive acceptance but not among managers and politicians
Ability to mobilize resources Large communities meant greater opportunity to allocate resources. Resources were perceived as sufficient Many smaller communities meant less opportunity to allocate resources. Resources within the police perceived as lacking
Support and engagement from managers and politicians Extensive Lacking, especially higher up within the organizations
Local dedicated individuals Important in the process Important in the process
Competence within the community Continuous support from researchers. Many stakeholders were highly competent within their respective fields Varying competence
Collaboration and relations High ambition and capacity to cooperate High ambition but sometimes lacking capacity