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Table 3 Self-esteem subscale by gender

From: Multi-dimensional self-esteem and substance use among Chinese adolescents

Self-esteem subscale Male (n = 894) Female (n = 329) Total (N = 1223) p-value
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Peers 22.45 (3.96) 24.21 (2.95) 23.66 (3.73) 0.003**
School 18.52 (3.61) 18.20 (3.16) 18.44 (3.50) 0.114
Family 22.45 (3.57) 23.33 (3.35) 22.68 (3.53) 0.001***
Body image 10.84 (2.04) 10.64 (1.78) 10.79 (1.98) 0.080
Sports 17.56 (3.40) 17.19 (3.07) 17.46 (3.32) 0.028*
Global 22.47 (3.17) 22.53 (2.67) 22.49 (3.05) 0.947
  1. Statistical test: ANCOVA; Controlled variables: education, and religion; df: Intercept = 1, Religion = 1, Education = 1, Gender = 1, Error = 1217; Total = 1221; *p <0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.