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Table 3 Factors associated with at least one HCV risk practice: univariate and multivariate £ mixed models (n = 321 visits for 176 patients)

From: Factors associated with HCV risk practices in methadone-maintained patients: the importance of considering the couple in prevention interventions

  Number of visits (%) or median (IQR) Number of patients OR [95% CI] p aOR [95% CI] p
Gender         
male 273 (85.1) 149 1      
female 48 (14.9) 27 6.24 [1.88-20.79] 0.003    
Age § 32 (27-38)   0.89 [0.83-0.96] 0.004 0.91 [0.85-0.97] 0.01
High School Certificate         
No 207 (64.5) 115 1      
Yes 114 (35.5) 61 2.48 [0.94-6.54] 0.07    
Having child(ren)         
No 202 (62.9) 110 1      
Yes 119 (37.1) 66 0.91 [0.35-2.41] 0.85    
Employment         
No 134 (41.7) 101 1      
Yes 187 (58.3) 124 0.99 [0.43-2.31] 0.99    
Unstable housing         
No 109 (34.0) 77 1      
Yes 212 (66.0) 129 0.71 [0.29-1.79] 0.47    
Alcohol dependence        
No 279 (88.0) 158 1    1   
Yes 38 (12.0) 28 4.20 [1.23-14.32] 0.02 4.19 [1.53-11.47] 0.01
Cocaine use*         
No 245 (78.0) 149 1    1   
Yes 69 (22.0) 56 3.81 [1.51-9.62] 0.01 2.52 [1.05-6.04] 0.04
Current drug injection*         
No 274 (89.3) 156 1      
Yes 33 (10.8) 27 3.64 [1.07-12.48] 0.04    
Suicidal risk**         
No 189 (74.4) 121 1    1   
Yes 65 (25.6) 52 2.18 [0.92-5.17] 0.08 2.44 [0.99-6.02] 0.05
Depressive symptoms***         
No 210 (66.9) 132 1      
Yes 104 (33.1) 79 2.04 [0.84-4.96] 0.12    
History of drug overdose         
No 285 (88.8) 156 1      
Yes 36 (11.2) 20 0.65 [0.13-3.10] 0.59    
History of drug injection         
No 165 (51.7) 89 1      
Yes 154 (48.3) 86 1.64 [0.64-4.19] 0.31    
Age at first regular drug use § 20 (18-24)   0.84 [0.73-0.96] 0.01    
Age at first injection § 22 (19-26)   0.96 [0.84-1.10] 0.55    
Drug using friends         
No 114 (36.0) 81 1      
yes 203 (64.0) 134 3.03 [1.23-7.43] 0.02    
Living         
Alone 171 (53.9) 110 1    1   
In a couple, not with a drug user 78 (24.6) 56 2.65 [1.03-6.84] 0.04 4.16 [1.42-12.12] 0.02
With a drug user, not in a couple 36 (11.4) 32 4.78 [1.60-14.30] 0.01 2.46 [0.78-7.77] 0.13
In a couple with a drug user 32 (10.1) 27 7.95 [2.58-24.51] <10 -3 9.85 [3.13-31.06] <10-3
VHC status         
Negative 195 (69.4) 106 1      
Positive 42 (15.0) 23 0.64 [0.17-2.40] 0.51    
Unknown 44 (15.7) 23 0.74 [0.21-2.62] 0.64    
  1. £ n = 241 visits for 152 patients; 3 visits were removed after the residual analysis.
  2. § in years.
  3. * During the previous 4 weeks.
  4. ** Beck ≥ 9.
  5. *** CES-D score >17 for males and >23 for females.
  6. ‡ AUDIT score ≥13.