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Table 1 Prohibited substances in urine samples of bodybuilders (n = number of participants)

From: Using response-time latencies to measure athletes’ doping attitudes: the brief implicit attitude test identifies substance abuse in bodybuilders

S1 S2 S4 S6 S8
Anabolic agents Peptide hormones, growth factors and related substances Hormone and metabolic modulators Stimulants Cannabinoids
Methandienone (n = 5) hCG (n = 1) Tamoxifene (n = 6) Methylhexanamine (n = 2) cTHC (n = 2)
Boldenone (n = 13)   Anastrozol (n = 2) Amphetamine (n = 1)  
Drostanolone (n = 4)    Ephedrine (n = 1)  
Methasterone (n = 1)    MDMA (n = 1)  
Metenolone (n = 1)     
Nandrolone (n = 11)     
Oxymetholone (n = 1)     
Stanozolol (n = 4)     
Testosterone (n = 20)     
Trenbolone (n = 6)     
Clenbuterol (n = 1)     
  1. Substances are grouped (S1 to S8) according to the WADA Prohibited List 2013.15 hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) induces the endogenous biosynthesis of testosterone, MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine) is the stimulating entactogen marketed as ecstasy, and cTHC (11-nor-9-carboxy-THC) is the urinary marker of THC-administration.