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Table 3 Odds Ratios (ORs) for positive change in ordered logistic regression models for the different variables (n = 40)

From: The national alcohol helpline in Sweden: an evaluation of its first year

   Bivariate Model I Model IIreduced
Independent variables   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Gender        
  Women ref.   ref.   -  
  Men 5.69** 1.59-20.33 2.63 0.54-12.84 -  
Age group 15-39       
  40-49 ref.   ref.   -  
  50-64 .35 0.07-1.87 .10* 0.01-0.86 -  
  65+ .23 0.05-1.16 .28 0.04-2.22 -  
   .57 0.10-3.44 1.98 0.16-23.94 -  
Category of alcohol use at baseline        
  Hazardous use1 ref.   ref.   ref.  
  Harmful use 18.3** 2.41-138.49 21.6* 1.69-276.06 19.1* 2.01-181.37
  Dependence 11.4** 1.91-68.63 128*** 8.21-999.99 32.0** 3.93-259.77
Other professional help        
  No ref.   ref.   -  
  Yes .56 0.18-1.77 .80 0.15-4.25 -  
Medication        
  No ref.   ref.   ref.  
  Yes .19* 0.05-0.71 .08** 0.01-.50 .12** 0.03-0.54
Help from friends        
  No ref.   ref.   ref.  
  Yes .40 0.06-2.87 .12 0.01-1.98 .09* 0.01-0.96
     from family        
  No ref.   ref.   ref.  
  Yes 4.29* 1.21-15.16 2.35 0.48-11.47 3.852 0.93-15.85
Treatment        
  Reduce the no. of times ref.   ref.   -  
Goals        
  Reduce the amount .11 0.01-1.06 .14 0.01-3.36 -  
  To be able to control .60 0.14-2.55 .72 0.12-4.21 -  
  Complete or period stop .71 0.15-3.30 1.00 0.16-6.07 -  
  Else .20 0.01-10.55 .01 0 .00-1.71 -  
  1. *p < .05 **p < .01 ***p < .001
  2. 1The cut-off was 8 for men, but 6 for women. The only person with non-hazardous alcohol use at baseline was included in the reference group.
  3. 2Help from the family (n = 14) was left in the model as a control, as it was confounded with help from friends.