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Table 2 Alcohol-related outcomes and other clinical characteristics of the sample at baseline and follow-up, by gender

From: An evaluation of long-term changes in alcohol use and alcohol problems among clients of the Swedish National Alcohol Helpline

  Men (n = 117) Women (n = 74) Total sample (n = 191)
  Baseline Follow-up   Baseline Follow-up   Baseline Follow-up  
AUDIT score (Mean [sd]) 22.9 (6.0) 11.8 (8.1) <.001 21.0 (6.3) 10.4 (7.8) .001 22.2 (6.2) 11.3 (8.0) <.001
AUDIT zones (%)    <.001    .001    <.001
 Abstinent - 10   - 11    11  
 Low-risk - 19   - 23    21  
 Hazardous 8 37   7 30   7 34  
 Harmful 24 15   37 16   29 15  
 Dependent 68 18   57 20   64 19  
Controlled drinking as treatment goal (%) 61    68    62   
MDE and/or GAD (%) 35 17 <.001 41 20 .002 38 18 <.001
Self-assessed health (very) good (%) 63 73 .099 53 80 <.001 59 75 <.001
Previous contact with health care (regardless of cause) (%) 71    81    75   
Help seeking for alcohol problems (%), past 12 months 47 60 .014 49 68 .016 47 63 <.001
 In specialised addiction treatment 11 25 .002 7 24 .004 9 25 <.001
 Only in other health care 15 14 1.000 10 12 .687 13 13 .265
 Only other 21 21 1.000 32 31 1.000 25 25 .720
Number of sessions (Mean [sd])# 1.3 (0.5) 4.1 (4.6)   1.3 (0.6) 3.6 (3.8)   1.3 (0.6) 3.9 (4.3)  
  1. #Due to frequent sessions with the Alcohol Helpline in the first phase of counselling, 24 men and 16 women had more than one session before the baseline interview was carried out within a few days after the first session.