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Table 1 Client characteristics by race and ethnicity using 2006–2009 data

From: Utilization of emergency and hospital services among individuals in substance abuse treatment

 

Black

Latino

Non-latino white

 

n = 17,362

n = 29,221

n = 26,668

 

M( SD) or %

M( SD) or %

M( SD) or %

Emergency room visits

0.16 (1.28)

0.15 (1.36)

0.20 (1.27)

Days in hospital

0.18 (1.49)

0.12 (1.16)

0.24 (1.65)

Age

39.8 (12.8)

32.2 (11.9)

37.4 (11.9)

Male

64.8

69.8

65.2

Education level

11.3 (2.7)

10.6 (2.6)

11.9 (2.6)

Homeless

29.5

20.0

28.6

Diagnosed with mental disorder

24.7

12.9

27.7

Days of mental health counseling

0.18 (1.66)

0.15 (1.70)

0.18 (1.70)

Days of psychiatric care

0.19 (1.80)

0.10 (1.21)

0.24 (1.93)

Days with physical health problems

1.69 (6.29)

1.01 (4.88)

1.60 (6.00)

Age at first drug use

21.0 (8.8)

19.0 (7.4)

19.8 (8.3)

Days of primary drug use

9.5 (11.7)

11.2 (12.7)

15.5 (13.0)

Primary drug problem

   

  Alcohol

19.9

17.6

26.1

  Cocaine

46.3

9.5

7.6

  Heroin

6.6

19.8

25.7

  Marijuana

19.0

16.5

6.0

  Methamphetamine

4.4

33.5

26.6

  Other

3.7

3.1

8.1

Days of secondary drug use

6.9 (10.2)

6.8 (10.4)

9.6 (11.9)

Days of alcohol use

1.94 (5.99)

1.97 (6.05)

2.47 (6.91)

Children younger than 18

0.33 (0.71)

0.51 (0.86)

0.23 (0.57)

Program modality

   

  Outpatient

55.6

55.7

31.6

  Methadone

3.2

3.4

5.5

  Residential

41.3

41.0

63.0