Skip to main content

Table 1 Client characteristics by race and ethnicity using 2006–2009 data

From: Utilization of emergency and hospital services among individuals in substance abuse treatment

  Black Latino Non-latino white
  n = 17,362 n = 29,221 n = 26,668
  M( SD) or % M( SD) or % M( SD) or %
Emergency room visits 0.16 (1.28) 0.15 (1.36) 0.20 (1.27)
Days in hospital 0.18 (1.49) 0.12 (1.16) 0.24 (1.65)
Age 39.8 (12.8) 32.2 (11.9) 37.4 (11.9)
Male 64.8 69.8 65.2
Education level 11.3 (2.7) 10.6 (2.6) 11.9 (2.6)
Homeless 29.5 20.0 28.6
Diagnosed with mental disorder 24.7 12.9 27.7
Days of mental health counseling 0.18 (1.66) 0.15 (1.70) 0.18 (1.70)
Days of psychiatric care 0.19 (1.80) 0.10 (1.21) 0.24 (1.93)
Days with physical health problems 1.69 (6.29) 1.01 (4.88) 1.60 (6.00)
Age at first drug use 21.0 (8.8) 19.0 (7.4) 19.8 (8.3)
Days of primary drug use 9.5 (11.7) 11.2 (12.7) 15.5 (13.0)
Primary drug problem    
  Alcohol 19.9 17.6 26.1
  Cocaine 46.3 9.5 7.6
  Heroin 6.6 19.8 25.7
  Marijuana 19.0 16.5 6.0
  Methamphetamine 4.4 33.5 26.6
  Other 3.7 3.1 8.1
Days of secondary drug use 6.9 (10.2) 6.8 (10.4) 9.6 (11.9)
Days of alcohol use 1.94 (5.99) 1.97 (6.05) 2.47 (6.91)
Children younger than 18 0.33 (0.71) 0.51 (0.86) 0.23 (0.57)
Program modality    
  Outpatient 55.6 55.7 31.6
  Methadone 3.2 3.4 5.5
  Residential 41.3 41.0 63.0