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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of ever smoked and never smoked current non-smokers with smoking susceptibility (n = 4613)

From: Prevalence and determinants of susceptibility to cigarette smoking among school students in Pakistan: secondary analysis of Global Youth Tobacco Survey

  Ever smoked (n = 529) Never smoked (n = 4084)
Characteristics ORb(95% CI) p-value ORb(95% CI) p-value
Sex     
Male 1   1  
Female 1.02 (0.57-1.82) 0.930 1.80 (1.43-2.28) <0.001
Age in years (categorical)     
≤ 13 1   1  
>13 1.99 (1.22-3.24) 0.006 0.92 (0.70-1.19) 0.537
Parents’ smoking status     
None 1   1  
At least one parent smokes 1.23 (0.83-1.83) 0.287 1.65 (1.31-2.07) <0.001
I don’t know 1.65 (0.43-6.28) 0.463 1.62 (0.82-3.23) 0.167
Friends’ smoking status     
Do not have friends who smoke 1   1  
Have friends who smoke 2.75 (1.82-4.14) <0.001 2.12 (1.66-2.71) <0.001
Knowledge of harmful effects of smoking    
Poor 1   1  
Good 0.69 (0.40-1.19) 0.189 0.48 (0.37-0.62) <0.001
Access to anti-smoking media    
No 1   1  
Yes 1.12 (0.73-1.70) 0.598 0.72 (0.57-0.92) 0.007
Exposure to newspaper/magazines cigarette marketing    
No 1   1  
Yes 1.30 (0.88-2.15) 0.156 1.40 (1.10-1.78) 0.006
  1. ORb = Odds ratios adjusted for gender, age, parents’ smoking status, friends’ smoking status, Knowledge of harmful effects of smoking, access to antismoking media, exposure to cigarette marketing.