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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of non-smokers by smoking susceptibility status (n = 4613)

From: Prevalence and determinants of susceptibility to cigarette smoking among school students in Pakistan: secondary analysis of Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Characteristics Total Non-susceptible n (%) Susceptible n (%) *p-value
Sex     
Male 3028 2676 (88.4) 352 (11.6) 0.866
Female 1585 1403 (88.5) 182 (11.5)  
Age in years (categorical)     
Aged ≤ 13 1047 937 (89.5) 110 (10.5) 0.218
Aged > 13 3566 3142 (88.1) 424 (11.9)  
Parents’ smoking status     
None 2918 2651 (90.8) 267 (9.2) <0.001
At least one parent smokes 1614 1363 (84.4) 251 (15.6)  
I don’t know 81 65 (80.2) 16 (19.8)  
Friends’ smoking status     
Donot have friends who smoke 3431 3142 (91.6) 289 (8.4) <0.001
Have friends who smoke 1182 937 (79.3) 245 (20.7)  
Classes on harmful effects of smoking     
Did attend 2417 2122 (87.8) 295 (12.2) 0.161
Did not attend 2196 1957 (89.1) 239 (10.9)  
Access to antismoking media     
No 2434 2130 (87.5) 304 (12.5) 0.040
Yes 2179 1949 (89.4) 230 (10.6)  
Exposure to billboards cigarette marketing    
No 2908 2591 (89.1) 317 (10.9) 0.061
Yes 1705 1488 (87.3) 217 (12.7)  
Exposure to newspapers/magazines cigarette marketing   
No 3203 2859 (89.3) 344 (10.7) 0.007
Yes 1410 1220 (86.5) 190 (13.5)  
Boys who smoke have more or less friends    
Less friends or no difference 3597 3180 (88.4) 417 (11.6) 0.946
More friends 1016 899 (88.5) 117 (11.5)  
Girls who smoke have more or less friends    
Less friends or no difference 3892 3448 (88.6) 444 (11.4) 0.407
More friends 721 631 (87.5) 90 (12.5)  
Boys who smoke are more or less attractive    
Less attractive or no difference 4039 3603 (89.2) 436 (10.8) <0.001
More attractive 574 476 982.9) 98 (17.1)  
Girls who smoke are more or less attractive    
Less attractive or no difference 4191 3729 (89.0) 462 (11.0) <0.001
More attractive 422 350 (82.9) 72 (17.1)  
People who smoke are more or less comfortable at social gatherings   
Less comfortable or no difference 4281 3805 (88.9) 476 (11.1) <0.001
More comfortable 332 274 (82.5) 58 (17.5)  
Knowledge of harmful effects of smoking    
Poor 635 516 (81.3) 119 (18.7) <0.001
Good 3978 3563 (89.6) 415 (10.4)  
Knowledge of harmful effects of secondhand smoke   
Poor 4557 4028 (88.4) 529 (11.6) 0.533
Good 56 51 (91.1) 5 (8.9)  
  1. *The p value has been calculated using Chi square test.