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Table 2 Coefficients, test statistics, degrees of freedom and confidence intervals for path models within the structural equation model

From: Do parent–child acculturation gaps affect early adolescent Latino alcohol use? A study of the probability and extent of use

  Direct Effects Model Mediation Model
Outcome Predictors Coefficient t-value* df 95% CI   Coefficient t-value* df 95% CI  
Probability of alcohol use on OR    Lower Upper OR    Lower Upper
 Quadratic acculturation gap 1.01 0.66 627 0.98 1.05 0.998 −0.05 625 0.93 1.07
 Linear acculturation gap 1.15 3.39 627 1.06 1.25 1.10 1.93 625 1.00 1.22
 Gender 1.14 0.74 627 0.80 1.64      
 Effective parenting       0.36 −3.12 625 0.19 0.68
 Mother involvement       0.99 −0.02 625 0.41 2.42
 Father involvement       0.50 −3.33 625 0.33 0.75
Extent of alcohol use on IRR      IRR     
 Quadratic acculturation gap 1.02 2.71 627 1.003 1.02 1.02 2.93 625 1.01 1.03
 Linear acculturation gap 1.02 0.43 627 0.94 1.10 1.04 1.08 625 0.97 1.12
 Gender 1.07 0.74 627 0.90 1.27      
 Effective parenting       0.70 −3.35 625 0.57 0.86
 Mother involvement       0.98 0.12 625 0.71 1.36
 Father involvement       0.85 1.93 625 0.73 1.00
Effective parenting on       β     
 Quadratic acculturation gap       −0.04 −0.55 628 −0.18 0.10
 Linear acculturation gap       0.04 0.65 628 −0.08 0.15
Mother involvement on           
 Quadratic acculturation gap       −0.04 −1.09 628 −0.12 0.04
 Linear acculturation gap       −0.12 −2.97 628 −0.20 −0.04
Father involvement on           
 Quadratic acculturation gap       −0.10 −1.83 628 −0.20 0.01
 Linear acculturation gap       −0.25 −7.96 628 −0.32 −0.19
  1. Note. OR = Odds Ratio, IRR = Incidence Rate Ratio, CI = Confidence Interval. *We use the Wald test, which is the ratio of the estimated regression coefficient, divided by its standard error, evaluated with a t or Z test [76]. Reported degrees of correspond to the Wald test and not to the chi-square test of fit for the structural equation model.