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Table 3 factors associated with frequency and quantity of smoking prior to incarceration, N = 552

From: Factors associated with smoking among adolescent males prior to incarceration and after release from jail: a longitudinal study

Unstandardized regression coefficients (betas in parentheses)
  Days smoked in past 30 days Number of cigarettes smoked each day
Foster care history 6.28*** 2.45**
(0.19) (0.11)
Not living with parents or legal guardian 4.54*** 2.48**
(0.14) (0.11)
Not attending school regularly 3.19* 1.52
(0.10) (0.07)
Sold drugs to get money for drugs/alcohol 3.17* 2.61**
(0.11) (0.14)
Sex partners in 3 mo. prior to incarceration 0.26** 0.05
(0.12) (0.03)
Gang involvement 2.85* 0.84
(0.09) (0.04)
Incarcerated for drug charges 4.55*** 1.74
(0.14) (0.08)
Incarcerated for violent charges −4.22*** −2.89***
(−0.14) (−0.14)
Prior arrests 0.35*** 0.23**
  (0.14) (0.13)
  1. *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01, ***p ≤ 0.001, for t-test statistic in linear regression.
  2. All models were adjusted for participants’ age and Latino race/ethnicity (demographic factors associated with smoking in Table 1 at p ≤ 0.05 level).
  3. Non-smokers were coded as 0 for both measures of frequency and quantity of smoking.