Skip to main content

Table 2 Participants’ characteristics by study completion status

From: Impact of a board-game approach on current smokers: a randomized controlled trial

Characteristic Completer (n1 = 187) Non-completer (n2 = 53) p value
Study group,%    n.s.
- Pick-Klop 80.8 19.2  
- Psychoeducation 71.7 28.3  
- Waiting list 78.3 21.7  
Age in years 31.2 ±12.0 (19, 66) 32.8 ±12.7 (18, 59) n.s.
Gender,%    n.s.
- Female 79.5 20.5  
- Male 75.0 25.0  
Education,%    0.01
- Professional school 74.7 25.3  
- University degree 83.3 16.7  
Smoking history    
- Age at start of smoking 16.2 ±2.6 (8, 27) 16.4 ±2.9 (11, 20) n.s.
- Years of cigarette smoking 15.0 ±12.0 (1, 49) 16.4 ±12.0 (3, 40) n.s.
- No. of cigarettes smoked/day 15.4 ±7.2 (3, 50) 14.0 ±10.0 (4, 40) n.s.
- No. of previous attempts to quit 2.5 ±2.3 (0, 17) 3.1 ±2.8 (0, 12) n.s.
Have previously sought help to quit,%    n.s.
- Yes 82.9 17.1  
- No 76.9 23.1  
Living with a smoker,%    n.s.
- Yes 77.0 23.0  
- No 78.8 21.2  
Stage of change,%    0.006
- Precontemplation 89.3 10.7
- Contemplation 73.2 26.8
- Preparation 66.7 33.3
Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence 3.2 ±2.1 (0, 8) 3.1 ± 2.1 (1, 8) n.s.
Attitudes Towards Nicotine Replacement Therapy Scale    
- Perceived advantage 19.2 ±8.3 (0, 35) 19.4 ±9.8 (2, 32) n.s.
- Drawback 10.3 ±4.5 (2, 20) 10.3 ±4.3 (4, 20) n.s.
- “Don’t know” answers 2.2 ±2.8 (0, 11) 2.7 ±3.2 (0, 8) n.s.
Attitudes Towards Smoking Scale    
- Adverse effects of smoking 38.9 ±6.7 (15, 50) 38.7 ±7.8 (15, 50) n.s.
- Psychoactive benefits of smoking 13.7 ±3.9 (4, 20) 15.3 ±4.5 (6, 20) 0.008
- Pleasure of smoking 14.5 ±3.6 (4, 20) 13.5 ±3.4 (5, 20) n.s.
Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire    
- Internal score 15.2 ± 6.2 (5, 30) 15.8 ±5.9 (6, 30) n.s.
- External score 13.0 ±6.1(4, 30) 14.1 ±6.7 (4, 28) n.s.
- Total score 28.2 ± 10.9 (10, 60) 29.9 ± 11.3 (12, 55) n.s.
Psychiatric disorder history,%    n.s.
- Depression/mood disorder 69.8 30.2  
- Other disorder 72.7 27.3  
  1. Interval variables are reported by their means and standard deviations, M ± SD, and by their ranges (min, max).
  2. Categorical variables are reported by their percentages,%. n.s. = non-significant.