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Table 4 Simultaneously analysed factors: socio-demographic characteristics, gambling related factors and perceived health and well-being and the severity of disordered gambling (Problem and Pathological gambling)

From: Factors associated with disordered gambling in Finland

   Problem gamblinga Pathological gamblinga
n = 67 n = 39
  Factor OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Socio-demographic      
  Male 2.48* 1.20–5.12 1.10 0.49–2.46
  15–34 years old 0.86 0.50–1.46 1.29 0.63–2.66
  ≤12 years education 1.53 0.90–2.60 1.25 0.61–2.54
Gambling related      
  Played slot machines, past 12 months 6.88*** 3.05–15.56 4.70** 1.72–12.85
  Internet gambling, past 12 months 2.15** 1.26–3.38 2.88** 1.40–5.92
Perceived health and well-being      
  Feeling lonely 3.47*** 1.98–6.05 1.78 0.78–4.04
  Smoking daily 2.01* 1.15–3.49 1.58 0.74–3.37
  Risk alcohol, AUDIT-C 2.57** 1.43–4.63 3.09** 1.38–6.94
  Mental health problem, MHI-5 1.40 0.50–3.88 4.01** 1.41–11.43
Nagelkerke = 0,229      
  1. aReference group: Non-problem gamblers (n = 3345); The data (N = 3451) were weighted based on gender, age and residency; Multivariate-adjusted multinomial logistic regression analysis; * < 0.05, ** < 0.01, *** < 0.001; AUDIT-C, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, score for risk consumption ≥5 among women and ≥6 among men; MHI-5, the Mental Health Inventory, scaled into 1–100, clinically significant problem ≤52.