Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between gambling related factors and subgroups of gamblers

From: Factors associated with disordered gambling in Finland

  All gamblers Non-problem gamblers Problem gamblers Pathological gamblers X2test
  N = 3451 n = 3345 n = 67 n = 39  
Gambling related factors % % % %  
Onset age, years      X2 = 22.174, df = 2, p ≤ 0.001
  < 18 56.6 55.8 75.7 82.5  
  ≥ 18 43.4 42.2 24.3 17.5  
Problem gambler (significant other)      X2 = 33,177, df = 2, p ≤ 0.001
  Yes, at least one 19.9 19.2 37.1 47.5  
  No, none 80.1 80.8 62.9 52.5  
Gambling frequency      
  Once a week or more 45.8 44.4 88.4 77.5 X2 = 69.094, df = 2, p ≤ 0.001
  Rarely than weekly 54.2 55.6 11.6 22.5  
Money gambled, past week      
  Do not know 19.6 19.5 21.4 25.6  
  0-5 euro 50.8 52.2 10.0 17.9 X2 = 80.405, df = 4, p ≤ 0.001
  > 5 euro 29.5 28.3 68.6 56.5  
Played lotto, past 12 months      
  Yes 87.5 87.6 87.1 80.0 X2 = 2.112, df = 2, p = 0.348
  No 12.4 12.4 12.9 20.0  
Played scratch cards, past 12 months      
  Yes 44.0 43.4 62.3 62.5 X2 = 15.451, df = 2, p ≤ 0.001
  No 56.0 56.6 37.7 37.5  
Played slot machines, past 12 months      
  Yes 42.4 40.7 90.0 82.5 X2 = 94.750, df = 2, p ≤ 0.001
  No 57.6 59.3 10.0 17.5  
Played casino, past 12 months      
  Yes 2.8 2.4 7.2 30.8 X2 = 117.664, df = 2,p ≤ 0.001
  No 97.2 97.6 92.8 69.2  
Internet gambling, past 12 months      
  Yes 24.5 23.6 48.6 55.0 X2 = 43.377, df = 2, p ≤ 0.001
  No 75.5 76.4 51.4 45.0  
  1. Significance (p) is determined by chi-squared (X2) test; 33.3% cells have expected count less than 5; the data were weighted based on gender, age and residency.