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Table 2 Comparison, survey sample versus non-participating U.S. outpatient facilities

From: The index of tobacco treatment quality: development of a tool to assess evidence-based treatment in a national sample of drug treatment facilities

   Non-participating (N = 3395) Survey sample (N = 405) Chi-square
1. Urban/Rural Out of range score 0% .5% 51.951**
  Missing 0.3% 0.2%  
  Mostly Urban = 1 32.2% 25.9%  
  2 18.7% 17.0%  
  3 29.3% 32.8%  
  4 9.7% 11.9%  
  Mostly Rural = 5 9.9% 11.6%  
2. Ownership Private for-profit 45.3% 42.2% 8.692
Private non-profit 43.7% 48.4%  
State government 2.6% 2.0%  
Local government 5.2% 6.2%  
Tribal government 1.1% 0.5%  
Federal government 2.2% 0.7%  
3. Affiliated with religious organization 4.6% 6.6% 2.876
4. Located in hospital   9.0% 10.4% 0.893
5. Provides nicotine replacement   6.3% 14.4% 34.878**
6. Is/has an opioid treatment program   21.1% 21.6% 0.059
7. Is/has a program for DUI/DWI/other offenders 41.2% 38.9% 0.721
8. Has a specific program for criminal justice clients 32.3% 32.6% 0.013
9. Total number of clients enrolled as of 3/31/07 118.6 (2.8) 111.9 (6.0) −1.006+
Licensure/Certification  
10. State substance abuse agency   89.4% 93.1% 5.341*
11. Mental health department   20.0% 14.6% 6.47*
12. State health department   42.1% 41.3% 0.071
13. Hospital authority   4.7% 6.3% 1.974
14. Other state agency   14.2% 12.1% 1.203
Accreditation
15. JCAHO (Joint Commission)   17.7% 17.3% 0.047
16. CARF (Commission on Accred. of Rehab. Facilities) 25.1% 26.5% 0.375
17. NCQA (National Committee for Quality Assurance) 1.8% 1.7% 0.007
18. COA (Council on Accreditation)   4.0% 3.9% 0.001
  1. * p < 0.05.
  2. ** p = 0.001.
  3. + Student’s t-test.