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Table 2 Personality disorders, personality styles, TCI, PSI, STAI, ABI scores and prevalence of adverse events in secure and insecure attachment styles

From: Attachment style, anxiety coping, and personality-styles in withdrawn alcohol addicted inpatients

  Insecure attachment style n =39 Secure attachment style n = 20 df Significance
Duration of addiction (years) 13.6 ± 11.9 12.7 ± 11.2 57 t= 0.28; p= .78
Qualified Detoxifications 4.2 ± 7.1 3.3 ± 3.7 57 t= 0.53; p= .60
Personality disorders** 8 (19%) 1 (5%) 1 p=.148
STAI-1-State anxiety 41.3 ± 4.9 42.2 ± 10.8 57 t =−0.44; p= .66
STAI-2-Trait anxiety 47.2 ± 4.9 42.6 ± 7.1 57 t =2.92; p=.005
ABI-V (sensitizers) PR 74.8 ± 26.9 76.3 ± 28.3 57 t =−0.20 ; p= .84
ABI-K (repressers) PR 43.8 ± 15.5 60.8 ± 18.7 57 t=−3.72 ; p=.001
PSI scale PR ± SD     
1 (antisocial) 56.0 ± 13.9 44.6 ± 14.0 57 t=2.98; p=.004
2 (paranoid) 73.5 ± 8.8 55.3 ± 5.9 57 t=8.32; p<.001
3 (schizoid) 74.1 ± 8.6 49.2 ± 11.2 57 t=9.48, p<.001
4 (insecure) 66.3 ± 9.0 42.9 ± 8.7 57 t=9.56; p<.001
5 (anancastic) 71.8 ± 9.8 71.4 ± 10.7 57 t=0.14; p= .89
6 (schizotypic) 54.1 ± 8.7 45.1 ± 11.6 57 t=3.35; p< .001
7 (rhapsodic) 42.7 ± 9.6 59.3 ± 10.1 57 t=−6.18; p<.001
8 (narcissic) 38.4 ± 8.7 26.6 ± 12.0 57 t=4.32; p<.001
9 (negativistic) 76.6 ± 9.9 57.9 ± 9.0 57 t=7.08; p<.001
10 (dependent) 72.3 ± 8.2 49.1 ± 10.8 57 t=9.22; p<.001
11 (borderline) 69.1 ± 7.8 49.1 ± 9.0 57 t=8.85; p<.001
12 (histrionic) 40.2 ± 9.6 59.3 ± 8.5 57 t= −7.51; p<.001
13 (depressed) 73.8 ± 8.9 52.5 ± 8.4 57 t=8.87; p<.001
14 (self-sacrificing) 80.4 ± 8.8 73.3 ± 9.8 57 t=2.82; p= .007
TCI-scale PR ± SD Self-directedness 23.5 ± 9.0 38.3 ± 11.6 58 t=−5.41; p<.001
Cooperativeness 34.4 ± 21.4 42.9 ± 18.6 58 t=−1.51; p= .14
Self-transcendence 45.6 ± 13.8 41.2 ± 20.6 58 t=0.98; p=.33
Novelty-seeking 46.6 ± 7.7 58.3 ± 6.9 58 t=−5.72; p<.001
Harm-avoidance 73.4 ± 9.9 48.2 ± 8.5 58 t=9.69; p<.001
Reward-dependence 48.7 ± 12.0 45.3 ± 14.4 58 t=0.96; p= .34
Perseverance 55.3 ± 10.5 48.0 ± 14.0 58 t=2.25; p= .028
  1. PR = percent-rank. SD= standard deviation.
  2. For variables from personality-scale Fisher’ s exact test was used. P-values are exact p-values.
  3. all: T-test except **: Fisher’s exact-test used.