Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Substance use profile of study participants on admission to hospital

From: Auricular acupuncture for chemically dependent pregnant women: a randomized controlled trial of the NADA protocol

  Acupuncture n= 50 Control n= 39 P-value
Smoking, n (%) a    
 Current 44 (88.0) 37 (94.9) 0.50
 Former 4 (8.0) 1 (2.6)  
 Never 2 (4.0) 1 (2.6)  
Cigarettes per day, mean (sd) b 13.0 (8.0) 12.4 (5.6) 0.83
Alcohol, n (%)a    
 Daily 2 (4.1) 3 (7.7) 0.52
 Weekly 0 1 (2.0)  
 Sporadically during month 8 (16.3) 8 (20.5)  
 None 39 (79.8) 27 (69.2)  
Heroin, n (%)a    
 Daily 19 (38.0) 14 (35.9) 0.63
 Weekly 2 (4.0) 0  
 Sporadically 5 (10,0) 4 (10.3)  
 None 24 (48.0) 21 (53.8)  
Methadone, n (%)a    
 Daily 21 (42.9) 14 (35.9) 0.61
 Weekly 14 (28.8) 15 (38.5)  
 None 14 (28.6) 10 (25.8)  
Other Opioid, n (%)a    
 Daily 2 (4.0) 3 (7.7) 0.74
 Sporadically 1 (2.0) 1 (2.8)  
 None 47 (94.0) 35 (89.7)  
Cocaine, n (%)a    
 Daily 12 (24.0) 8 (20.5) 0.86
 Weekly 2 (4.0) 2 (5.1)  
 Sporadically 6 (12.0) 3 (7.7)  
 None 30 (60.0) 26 (66.7)  
Crack, n (%)a    
 Daily 23 (46.0) 15 (38.5) 0.78
 Weekly 1 (2.0) 2 (5.1)  
 Sporadically 8 (16.0) 6 (15.4)  
 None 18 (36.0) 16 (41.0)  
Cannabis, n (%)a    
 Daily 2 (4.0) 7 (17.9) 0.08
 Weekly 3 (6.0) 0  
 Sporadically 8 (16.0) 5 (12.8)  
 None 37 (74.0) 27 (69.2)  
Crystal Meth, n (%)a    
 Daily 4 (8.0) 4 (10.3) 0.96
 Weekly 2 (4.0) 1 (2.6)  
 Sporadically 6 (12.0) 4 (10.3)  
 None 38 (76.0) 30 (76.9)  
Benzodiazepine, n (%)a    
 Daily 0 3(7.7) 0.14
 Sporadically 3 (6.0) 2 (5.1)  
 None 47 (94.0) 34 (87.2)  
Ecstasy, n (%)a    
 Daily 0 1 (2.8) 0.52
 Sporadically 3 (6.0) 2 (5.1)  
 None 47 (94.0) 36 (82.3)  
Antidepressant, n (%)a    
 Daily 4 (8.2) 2 (5.1) 0.85
 Sporadically 1 (2.0) 1 (2.5)  
 None 44 (89.8) 36 (92.3)  
Methadone dose (mg), mean (sd) b (n=36,28)  
 During pregnancy 52.9 (49.7) 49.2 (47.2) 0.85
 Admission to hospital 48.8 (50.6) 40.0 (39.0) 0.62
 At delivery 58.1 (53.6) 48.4 (50.4) 0.45
 Gestational age when started (wks) 14.8 (12.3) 13.5 (13.2) 0.42
Non-opioid users, n (%)a 10 (20) 11 (24.2) 0.32
Use of substances when pregnant with other children, n (%)a 22/38 (57.9) 19/31 (61.3) 0.78
Retained custody of at least one child, n (%)a 19/36 (52.8) 16/29 (55.2) 0.85
Treatment Goal, n (%)a    
 Abstinence 36 (72.0) 30 (76.9) 0.57
 Decrease methadone 13 (26.0) 7 (17.9)  
 Decrease other drug 0 1 (2.6)  
 No goal 1 (2.0) 1 (2.6)  
  1. a Chi square test, 2df (smoking, methadone, other opioid, benzodiazepine, ecstasy, antidepressant) 3df (all other categorical variables).
  2. b Mann–Whitney U test.