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Table 1 Sociodemographic profile of study participants

From: Auricular acupuncture for chemically dependent pregnant women: a randomized controlled trial of the NADA protocol

  Acupuncture n= 50 Control n= 39 P-value
Age (years), mean (sd) a 28.2 (5.6) 29 (5.9) 0.44
Support, n (%) b    
 Lone Parent 19 (38.0) 13 (33.3) 0.65
 Birth Father involved 23 (46.0) 21 (53.8) 0.46
 Other Partner 5 (10.0) 5 (12.8) 0.68
 Family 21 (42.0) 14 (35.9) 0.56
Education, n (%)b    
 Elementary 1 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0.83
 Some high school 25 (51.0) 22 (61.1)  
 High School Diploma 9 (18.4) 5 (13.9)  
 Some post-secondary 7 (14.3) 5 (13.9)  
 Diploma for Trade School 5 (10.2) 4 (11.1)  
 Some university 1 (2.0) 0  
 University Degree 1 (2.0) 0  
Ethnicity, n (%)b    
 Caucasian 36 (72.0) 23 (59.0) 0.23
 First Nations 10 (20.0) 14 (35.9)  
 Chinese 2 (4.0) 0  
 South Asian 2 (4.0) 1 (2.6)  
 African Canadian 0 1 (2.6)  
Income, n (%)b    
 Employed 3 (6.0) 1 (2.6) 0.98
 Social Assistance 31 (62.0) 26 (66.7)  
 Reliant on partner 3 (6.0) 1 (2.6)  
 No source of income 3 (6.0) 3 (7.7)  
 Source unknown 2 (4.0) 2 (5.1)  
 Disability 3 (6.0) 3 (7.7)  
 Sex trade 3 (6.0) 2 (5.1)  
 Incarcerated 2 (4.0) 1 (2.6)  
  1. a Mann–Whitney U test.
  2. b Chi square test, 2df, except education (6df), ethnicity, (4df), income (8df).