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Table 1 Sample characteristics, N = 596

From: Perceptions of neighborhood social environment and drug dependence among incarcerated women and men: a cross-sectional analysis

Variable N Percent Mean SD
Age    34.7 10.8
Gender     
Male 306 51.3%   
Female 290 48.7%   
Race     
Black 249 42.5%   
White 244 41.6%   
Latino 53 9.0%   
Bi-racial 19 3.2%   
Other 21 3.6%   
Lifetime mental health problem history1 284 48.2%   
Past year intimate partner violence 192 36.3%   
Past year drug dependence2 229 49.9%   
Fear of neighborhood violence prior to incarceration3    1.4 0.9
Perception of level of neighborhood violence prior to incarceration4    1.3 1.6
Perceived social capital prior to incarceration5    2.6 0.5
  1. Notes:
  2. 1. Lifetime diagnosis of depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, or bipolar disease.
  3. 2. Based on DMS IV criteria. If participants answered “yes” to three out of six items regarding past year drug use, they were classified as “drug-dependent”.
  4. 3. Reported on a scale of 1 to 4, with 4 indicating fear of neighborhood violence all of the time.
  5. 4. Based on a summary score of whether participants had heard about five types of violence occurring in their neighborhood. A higher summary score indicates a greater perceived level of neighborhood violence.
  6. 5. Reported on a scale of 1 to 4, with 4 indicating high social capital.