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Table 5 Adjusted coefficients a and 95% confidence intervals for the relationships between ACEs and psychological distress, by sex

From: The mediating sex-specific effect of psychological distress on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and current smoking among adults

ACE Females AdjustedaCoefficients (95% CI) Males Adjustedacoefficients (95% CI)
Abuse   
Emotional −3.9 (−4.8- -3.0)* −3.6 (−4.6- -2.6)*
Physical −2.6 (−3.3- -1.9)* −2.1 (−2.7- -1.5)*
Sexual −1.8 (−2.5- -1.1)* −0.9 (−1.6- -0.1)*
Neglect   
Emotional −3.7 (−4.5- -2.9)* −3.4 (−4.2- -2.5)*
Physical −2.8 (−3.8- -1.7)* −1.9 (−2.7- -1.0)*
Household dysfunction   
Witnessing domestic violence −2.4 (−3.2- -1.5)* −0.9 (−1.7- -0.01)*
Parental separation or divorce −1.6 (−2.3- -0.9)* −0.6 (−1.3-0.03)
Mental illness in the household −3.1 (−3.8- -2.5)* −4.0 (−4.8- -3.3)*
Household substance abuse −1.7 (−2.4- -1.0)* −1.7 (−2.3- -1.1)*
Incarcerated household member −0.9 (−2.1-0.2) −0.9 (−2.2-0.4)
ACE score −1.1 (−1.3- -0.9)* −1.0 (−1.2- -0.8)*
  1. aMultivariable linear regression models included age group, race, education, parental smoking during childhood, and alcohol use in past month.
  2. *p < 0.05.