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Table 2 Selected characteristics of the population by sex

From: The mediating sex-specific effect of psychological distress on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and current smoking among adults

Characteristics Females (n = 3,895) Males (n = 3,315) Chi-square test
  n % n % Value p-value (df)
Age group (years)       
18-34 440 11.3 234 7.1 52.7 (3) <0.0001
35-54 1516 38.9 1213 36.6   
55-74 1563 40.1 1481 44.7   
75+ 376 9.7 387 11.7   
Mean age (SD)   54.8 (15.4)   57.3 (14.4)   
Race       
White 2874 73.8 2517 75.9 19.3 (5) 0.0017
Black 158 4.1 132 4.0   
Hispanic 428 11.0 340 10.3   
Asian 353 9.1 226 6.8   
Native American 13 0.3 14 0.4   
Other 69 1.8 86 2.6   
Education       
No high school diploma 306 7.9 214 6.5 88.7 (3) <0.0001
High school/GED 653 16.8 402 12.1   
Some college/technical 1666 42.8 1280 38.6   
College graduate 1270 32.6 1419 42.8   
Alcohol consumed in past month 2172 55.8 2158 65.1 65.0 (1) <0.0001
History of parental smoking 2791 71.7 2434 73.4 2.8 (1) 0.0940
Mean MCS score (SD)*   51.2 (9.5)   53.2 (8.2)   
Current smoker 294 7.6 281 8.5 2.1 (1) 0.1470
  1. *Mental Component Summary Score (MCS) based on SF-36.