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Table 1 Sample descriptive statistics among adults aged 18+,BRFSS, 2001-2006 (a)

From: Unintended consequences of cigarette price changes for alcohol drinking behaviors across age groups: evidence from pooled cross sections

Variable % or mean (SE)
N = 1,323,758
Cigarette price, $ per pack(b), by year and 6 year means
2001 $1.95 (0.00)
2002  2.09 (0.00)
2003  2.06 (0.00)
2004  2.01 (0.00)
2005  2.03 (0.00)
2006  1.98 (0.00)
6-year mean $2.02 (0.00)
Female gender, % 50.54
Age group,%
18-20  4.32
21-29 16.49
30-64 64.27
65 and higher 14.92
Poverty, %
Not poor 84.89
Poor  8.91
Maybe poor(c)  6.19
Race/ethnicity, %
Non-Hispanic White 71.14
Non-Hispanic African American  9.62
Non-Hispanic Asian  2.63
Non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander  0.36
Non-Hispanic American Indian Alaskan Native  1.08
Non-Hispanic other race (d) 0.78
Non-Hispanic multi-race 1.51
Hispanic 12.88
Have partner, % 64.10
Employment status, %
Unemployed  5.05
Employed 64.64
Out of workforce 30.35
Educational level, %
<High school degree 11.14
High school grad 29.45
Some college 27.28
College graduate or more 32.12
State-level co-variates
Beer price, $ per six-pack (b) $3.99 (0.00)
Magnitude of state smoke-free laws (range 0-12), mean  4.17 (0.00)
State poverty rate, mean  0.12 (0.00)
  1. Notes: BRFSS = Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Surveys.
  2. SE = Standard error.
  3. (a) Weighted data are presented to reflect the complex sampling design of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).
  4. (b) In 1982-4 dollars, adjusted for inflation.
  5. (c) BRFSS income response categories do not track exactly with poverty guidelines limits, responses that were impossible to discern whether in poverty or not were coded as “maybe poor”.
  6. (d) “Non-Hispanic other race” is not further defined in the BRFSS code book.