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Table 2 Population profile of substance-using and non-substance using persons within the SASS data set compared with the SACENDU data collected between 2007–2009)

From: Social service offices as a point of entry into substance abuse treatment for poor South Africans

  SASS data (1817 cases) SACENDU data Comparison between substance users in SASS and SACENDU
Substance users (691) Non-substance users (1126) Substance users only (17631) Test statistic (df) P value
N % N % N %
Gender         
 Male 459 66.8 430 38.2 13197 74.9 21.92(1) <0.001
 Female 228 33.2 696 61.8 4434 25.1 21.93 (1) <0.001
Race   
 Black African 78 11.4 326 29.0 1529 8.7 5.12 (1) 0.02
 Asian/Indian 2 <1 26 2.3 132 <1 1.65 (1) 0.19
 Coloured 590 85.6 753 67.0 12279 69.9 68.45 (1) <0.001
 White 17 2.5 19 1.7 3620 20.6 120.69(1) <0.001
Mean age (years, SD) 25.21 11.98 33.7 16.8 28.11 11.56 6.44 (16773) <0.001
Employment   
 Working 163 23.6 290 25.8 4973 31.0 16.75 (1) <0.001
 Unemployed 365 52.8 468 41.7 8272 51.5 .520 (1) 0.47
 Student/learner 138 20.0 181 16.1 2177 13.6 23.09 (1) <0.001
 Housewife 7 1.0 54 4.8 108 0.7 1.14 (1) 0.29
Marital status   
 Married, living with spouse 78 11.3 313 29.7 3139 19.5 28.81 (1) <0.001
 Living together 32 4.6 78 7.0 950 5.9 1.97 (1) 0.34
 Divorced 67 9.7 72 6.4 976 6.1 15.03 (1) <0.001
 Single 493 71.4 532 47.4 10763 66.9 6.11 (1) 0.01
Education   
 Primary (Grade 1–7) 279 41.1 197 17.9 2076 13.2 414.20 (1) <0.001
 Secondary (Grade 8–12) 379 55.8 604 53.6 12094 76.7 153.99 (1) <0.001
 Tertiary 0 0.0 300 26.6 1538 9.7 73.01(1) <0.001
Primary substance of abuse   
 Alcohol 322 46.6 5075 31.5 69.54 (1) <0.001
 Cannabis 190 27.5 2309 14.3 90.92 (1) <0.001
 Methamphetamine 132 19.1 6623 41.1 133.10 (1) <0.001
Presenting problems   
 Family problems 274 39.7 336 29.8   
 Work 74 10.7 21 1.9   
 Financial 181 26.2 194 17.2   
 Social security 27 3.9 70 6.2   
 Child neglect/abuse 69 10.0 123 10.9   
 Substance abuse problems 410 59.3 68 6.0   
 Domestic violence 118 17.1 63 5.6   
 Statutory intervention 113 16.4 310 27.5   
 Custodial issues 20 2.9 89 7.9   
 Homeless/Destitute 19 2.7 34 3.0   
 Substance abuse in the family 115 16.6 94 8.3