Skip to main content

Table 2 Relationship between demographic characteristics of participants and total abstinence at one-year follow-up (n = 145)

From: The predictive validity of the Drinking-Related Cognitions Scale in alcohol-dependent patients under abstinence-oriented treatment

  Abstinence group
(n = 53)
Drinking group
(n = 92)
P-value Statistic
Age (Mean [SD]) 50.4 (7.5) 48.9 (7.8) 0.236 t143 = -1.19
Number of admissions to a psychiatry department (Mean [SD]) 1.5 (1.2) 2.3 (1.7) 0.001 t135 = 3.33
History of finger tremor due to alcohol withdrawal    0.020 Chi12 = 5.42
No 16 (30.2%) 13 (14.1%)   
Yes 37 (69.8%) 79 (85.9%)   
History of seizure due to alcohol withdrawal    0.256 Chi12 = 1.29
No 47 (88.7%) 75 (81.5%)   
Yes 6 (11.3%) 17 (18.5%)   
History of delirium due to alcohol withdrawal    0.980 Chi12 < 0.01
No 41 (77.4%) 71 (77.2%)   
Yes 12 (22.6%) 21 (22.8%)   
Presence of liver cirrhosis    0.087 Chi12 = 2.94
No 47 (88.7%) 71 (77.2%)   
Yes 6 (11.3%) 21 (22.8%)   
MMSE(Mean [SD]) 28.0 (1.7) 27.7 (2.3) 0.403 t135 = −0.84
Cohabitation with spouse    0.113 Chi12 = 2.51
Yes 32 (60.4%) 43 (46.7%)   
No 21 (39.6%) 49 (53.3%)   
Employment status    0.014 Chi12 = 5.98
Working continuously for more than 3 years 37 (69.8%) 45 (48.9%)   
Working continuously for less than 3 years, or unemployed 16 (30.2%) 47 (51.1%)   
Educational history    0.037 Chi12 = 4.34
Graduated from high school or higher 46 (86.8%) 66 (71.7%)   
Graduated from junior high school or dropped out of high school 7 (13.2%) 26 (28.3%)   
History of illegal drug usage or abuse    0.008 Chi12 = 7.05
No 51 (96.2%) 74 (80.4%)   
Yes 2 (3.8%) 18 (19.6%)   
Age at first consumption of alcohol (Mean [SD]) 18.0 (2.9) 17.2 (3.5) 0.153 t143 = -1.44
Alcohol problems in parent or sibling    0.934 Chi12 = 0.01
No 40 (75.5%) 70 (76.1%)   
Yes 13 (24.5%) 22 (23.9%)   
Pre-treatment SDS score (Mean [SD]) 41.2 (6.6) 41.4 (7.6) 0.937 t143 = -0.08
Post-treatment SDS score (Mean [SD]) 37.9 (7.8) 38.7 (8.1) 0.552 t143 = 0.60
Pre-treatment DRCS score (Mean [SD])     
Expectancy and resignation 29.3 (5.4) 27.4 (6.3) 0.057 t143 = -1.92
Perception of impaired control 23.0 (6.0) 21.5 (6.6) 0.172 t143 = −1.37
Perception of drinking problems 18.5 (4.3) 18.0 (5.2) 0.611 t143 =−0.51
Total 70.8 (13.3) 66.9 (13.7) 0.096 t143 =-1.67
Post-treatment DRCS score (Mean [SD])     
Expectancy and resignation 33.3 (3.8) 30.2 (5.8) < 0.001 t140 =-3.79
Perception of impaired control 26.5 (4.8) 24.1 (6.3) 0.013 t133 =-2.52
Perception of drinking problems 21.7 (3.1) 20.4 (4.4) 0.041 t137 =-2.06
Total 81.4 (10.1) 74.7 (13.6) 0.001 t134 =-3.37
  1. SD = Standard deviation; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination; SDS = Self-Rating Depression Scale.
  2. Statistical tests used are the chi-square test or the unpaired t-test.