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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of participants (n = 145)

From: The predictive validity of the Drinking-Related Cognitions Scale in alcohol-dependent patients under abstinence-oriented treatment

Variables Mean (SD) or %
Age (Mean [SD]) 49.4 (7.7)
Number of admissions to a psychiatry department (Mean [SD]) 2.0 (1.6)
History of finger tremor due to alcohol withdrawal (% yes) 80.0
History of seizure due to alcohol withdrawal (% yes) 15.9
History of delirium due to alcohol withdrawal (% yes) 22.8
Presence of liver cirrhosis (% yes) 18.6
MMSE (Mean [SD]) 27.8 (2.1)
Cohabitation with spouse (% yes) 48.3
Employment status (% working continuously for more than 3 years) 56.6
Educational history (% graduation from high school or higher) 77.2
History of illegal drug usage or abuse (% yes) 13.8
Age at first consumption of alcohol (Mean [SD]) 17.5 (3.2)
Alcohol problems in parent or sibling (% yes) 24.1
Pre-treatment SDS score (Mean [SD]) 41.1 (7.2)
Post-treatment SDS score (Mean [SD]) 38.4 (8.0)
Pre-treatment DRCS score (Mean [SD])  
Expectancy and resignation 28.1 (6.0)
Perception of impaired control 22.0 (6.4)
Perception of drinking problems 18.2 (4.9)
Total 68.3 (13.7)
Post-treatment DRCS score (Mean [SD])  
Expectancy and resignation 31.3 (5.3)
Perception of impaired control 25.0 (5.9)
Perception of drinking problems 20.8 (4.0)
Total 77.1 (12.8)
  1. SD = Standard deviation; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination; SDS = Self-Rating Depression Scale.