Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariable associations of sociodemographics, cultural variables, and depressive symptoms with smoking behavior1

From: Depressive symptoms and smoking among young Turkish and Moroccan ethnic minority groups in the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study

  Wald P-value OR (95% CI)
Sociodemographics    
Age 10.17 0.00 1.19 (1.07 - 1.32)*
Gender    
Female 11.26 0.00 1.00
Male    2.79 (1.51 - 5.16)*
Labor market position    
Student 0.66 0.42 1.00
Employed    1.54 (0.54 - 4.42)
Cultural variables    
Ethnicity    
Moroccan 7.53   1.00
Turkish   0.00 2.38 (1.27 - 4.48)*
Religion    
High 12.56 0.00 1.00
Low    2.94 (1.62 - 5.33)*
Depressive symptoms    
No 8.43 0.00 1.00
Yes    2.68 (1.45 - 4.97)*
  1. 1Significance was tested using Wald chi-square tests with df = 1.
  2. *p < 0.001.