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Table 2 Correlates of tobacco smoking, chewing and any tobacco use by logistic regression analysis

From: Prevalence, distribution and correlates of tobacco smoking and chewing in Nepal: a secondary data analysis of Nepal Demographic and Health Survey-2006

Characteristic Tobacco smoking AOR (95% CI) Tobacco chewing AOR (95% CI) Any tobacco use AOR (95% CI)
Age groups
14-19 1 1 1
20-29 2.56 (1.84, 3.58) * 2.50 (1.83, 3.42) * 2.86 (2.23, 3.68) *
30-39 5.84 (4.18, 8.16) * 3.54 (2.48, 5.04) * 6.27 (4.81, 8.17) *
40-49 9.83 (6.95, 13.90) * 3.22 (2.27, 4.57) * 9.97 (7.53, 13.25) *
50-59 6.11 (4.03, 9.28) * 2.39 (1.52, 3.76) * 6.56 (4.44, 9.69) *
Sex
Female 1 1 1
Male 5.01 (4.24, 5.91) * 17.77 (14.59, 21.69) * 14.68 (12.43, 17.33) *
Marital status
Currently married 1 1 1
Never married 0.87 (0.63, 1.19) × 0.500 (0.36, 0.69) * 0.62 (0.48, 0.80) *
Divorced/separated/widowed 1.49 (1.14, 1.94) † 1.36 (0.97, 1.93) × 1.54 (1.19, 1.99) *
Educational attainment
Higher education 1 1 1
Up to Secondary 1.73 (1.19, 2.49) * 1.81 (1.34, 2.45) * 1.93 (1.46, 2.54) *
Up to primary 3.34 (2.34, 4.77) * 2.83 (2.08, 3.84) * 4.19 (3.17, 5.55) *
No education 6.57 (4.59, 9.41) * 3.08 (2.21, 4.29) * 7.58 (5.61, 10.05) *
Religion
Hindu 1 1 1
Buddhist 0.80 (0.62, 1.04) × 1.04 (0.78, 1.39)× 0.93 (0.72, 1.20) ×
Islam, Christian and others 0.76 (0.57, 1.02) × 1.08 (0.79, 1.46)× 0.89 (0.69, 1.17) ×
Wealth Index
Richest 1 1 1
Richer 1.16 (0.92, 1.46) * 1.20 (0.92, 1.57) × 1.33 (1.06, 1.67) *
Middle 1.56 (1.21, 2.00) * 1.40 (1.06, 1.86)† 1.67 (1.30, 2.14) *
Poorer 1.77 (1.37, 2.28) * 1.51 (1.14, 2.00) † 1.83 (1.42, 2.36) *
Poorest 2.74 (2.08, 3.61) * 1.71 (1.23, 2.37) † 2.92 (2.22, 3.84) *
Type of residence
Urban 1 1 1
Rural 1.25 (1.01, 1.54) † 1.18, (0.93, 1.49)× 1.26 (1.03, 1.54) †
Development region
Eastern 1 1 1
Central 1.46 (1.20, 1.78) * 0.45 (0.36, 0.58) * 0.81 (0.67, 0.97) †
Western 0.89 (0.70, 1.12) × 0.73 (0.55, 0.96) * 0.75 (0.60, 0.94) †
Mid-western 1.65 (1.29, 2.11) * 0.34 (0.26, 0.46) * 0.89 (0.69, 1.14) ×
Far-western 1.45 (1.17, 1.79) * 0.51 (0.37, 0.69) * 0.84 (0.66, 1.06) ×
Ecological zone
Terai (plains) 1 1 1
Hill 1.45 (1.23, 1.71) * 0.89 (0.73, 1.09) × 1.57 (1.23, 2.05) *
Mountain 1.95 (1.52, 2.50 * 0.61 (0.43, 0.84) * 1.36 (1.17, 1.59) *
  1. † p < 0.05, * p < 0.001, ×p > 0.05